Background: Heterozygous POLR2A variants have been recently reported in patients with a neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by profound infantile-onset hypotonia. POLR2A encodes the highly conserved RBP1 protein, an essential subunit of the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II.Case presentation: We investigated a 12-year-old girl presenting with an early-onset encephalopathy characterized by psychomotor delay, facial dysmorphism, refractory epilepsy with variable seizure types, behavioural abnormalities, and sleep disorder. Brain MRI showed a slowly progressive cerebellar atrophy. Trio-exome sequencing (Trio-ES) revealed the de novo germline variant NM_000937.5:c.1370T>C; p.(Ile457Thr) in POLR2A. This variant was previously reported in a subject with profound generalized hypotonia and muscular atrophy by Haijes et al. Our patient displayed instead a severe epileptic phenotype with refractory hypotonic seizures with impaired consciousness, myoclonic jerks, and drop attacks.Conclusion: This case expands the clinical spectrum of POLR2A-related syndrome, highlighting its phenotypic variability and supporting the relevance of epilepsy as a core feature of this emerging condition. (c) 2022 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

De novo POLR2A p.(Ile457Thr) variant associated with early-onset encephalopathy and cerebellar atrophy: expanding the phenotypic spectrum

Torella, Annalaura;Nigro, Vincenzo
2022

Abstract

Background: Heterozygous POLR2A variants have been recently reported in patients with a neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by profound infantile-onset hypotonia. POLR2A encodes the highly conserved RBP1 protein, an essential subunit of the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II.Case presentation: We investigated a 12-year-old girl presenting with an early-onset encephalopathy characterized by psychomotor delay, facial dysmorphism, refractory epilepsy with variable seizure types, behavioural abnormalities, and sleep disorder. Brain MRI showed a slowly progressive cerebellar atrophy. Trio-exome sequencing (Trio-ES) revealed the de novo germline variant NM_000937.5:c.1370T>C; p.(Ile457Thr) in POLR2A. This variant was previously reported in a subject with profound generalized hypotonia and muscular atrophy by Haijes et al. Our patient displayed instead a severe epileptic phenotype with refractory hypotonic seizures with impaired consciousness, myoclonic jerks, and drop attacks.Conclusion: This case expands the clinical spectrum of POLR2A-related syndrome, highlighting its phenotypic variability and supporting the relevance of epilepsy as a core feature of this emerging condition. (c) 2022 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/482561
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