Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome is a rare human disorder caused by biallelic mutations in SIL1 characterized by cataracts in infancy, myopathy and ataxia, symptoms which are also associated with a novel disorder caused by mutations in INPP5K. While these phenotypic similarities may suggest commonalties at a molecular level, an overlapping pathomechanism has not been established yet.In this study, we present six new INPP5K patients and expand the current mutational and phenotypical spectrum of the disease showing the clinical overlap between Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome and the INPP5K phenotype.We applied unbiased proteomic profiling on cells derived from Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome and INPP5K patients and identified alterations in D-3-PHGDH as a common molecular feature. D-3-PHGDH modulates the production of L-serine and mutations in this enzyme were previously associated with a neurological phenotype, which clinically overlaps with Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome and INPP5K disease. As L-serine administration represents a promising therapeutic strategy for D-3-PHGDH patients, we tested the effect of L-serine in generated sil1, phgdh and inpp5k a + b zebrafish models, which showed an improvement in their neuronal phenotype.Thus, our study defines a core phenotypical feature underpinning a key common molecular mechanism in three rare diseases and reveals a common and novel therapeutic target for these patients.
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