Two structurally connected brain regions are more likely to interact, with the lengths of the structural bundles, their widths, myelination, and the topology of the structural connectome influencing the timing of the interactions. We introduce an in vivo approach for measuring functional delays across the whole brain in humans (of either sex) using magneto/electroencephalography and integrating them with the structural bundles. The resulting topochronic map of the functional delays/velocities shows that larger bundles have faster velocities. We estimated the topochronic map in multiple sclerosis patients, who have damaged myelin sheaths, and controls, demonstrating greater delays in patients across the network and that structurally lesioned tracts were slowed down more than unaffected ones. We provide a novel framework for estimating functional transmission delays in vivo at the single-subject and single-tract level.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT:This manuscript provides a straightforward way to estimate patient-specific delays and conduction velocities in the central nervous system, at the individual level, in healthy and diseased subjects. To do so, it uses a principled way to merge M/EEG and tractography.

Whole-brain propagation delays in multiple sclerosis, a combined tractography - magnetoencephalography study

Sparaco, Maddalena;Signoriello, Elisabetta;Bonavita, Simona;
2022

Abstract

Two structurally connected brain regions are more likely to interact, with the lengths of the structural bundles, their widths, myelination, and the topology of the structural connectome influencing the timing of the interactions. We introduce an in vivo approach for measuring functional delays across the whole brain in humans (of either sex) using magneto/electroencephalography and integrating them with the structural bundles. The resulting topochronic map of the functional delays/velocities shows that larger bundles have faster velocities. We estimated the topochronic map in multiple sclerosis patients, who have damaged myelin sheaths, and controls, demonstrating greater delays in patients across the network and that structurally lesioned tracts were slowed down more than unaffected ones. We provide a novel framework for estimating functional transmission delays in vivo at the single-subject and single-tract level.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT:This manuscript provides a straightforward way to estimate patient-specific delays and conduction velocities in the central nervous system, at the individual level, in healthy and diseased subjects. To do so, it uses a principled way to merge M/EEG and tractography.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/481930
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