A large part of the world’s architectural heritage is composed of masonry buildings located in seismic areas, and its vulnerability has been shown by the damage caused by the last earthquakes. Meeting the safety demands of cultural heritage buildings according to the performance-based seismic codes requires a deep knowledge of the mechanical properties of material components. Traditional mortars are among these. However, significant samples of structural mortars cannot be taken from existing masonry walls to perform mechanical tests, but tests can, alternatively, be conducted on samples realized according to traditional instructions for composition. Based on a historical study of mix proportions, this paper presents the results of a mechanical test campaign of traditional mortars. The samples were obtained combining lime and pozzolan according to the proportions derived from ancient treatises. The laboratory tests were performed taking into account three different types of limes, and a discussion involving the results presented in the literature is provided. Besides the contribution to fulfilling the lack of knowledge about the mechanical properties of traditional lime mortars, the test results are good references for on-site preparation of mortars for use in restoration. There is a focus on natural pozzolanic lime mortars, widely used in the Neapolitan area and, in general, in the whole Italian territory.
|Titolo:||Sustainable mortars for application in the cultural heritage field|
GUADAGNUOLO, Mariateresa (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|