Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors are a class of oral drugs used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The pharmacological inhibition of DPP-4 seems to also induce adverse events related to cytokine-induced inflammation. Recently, several clinical cases regarding the association of DPP-4 inhibitors and the onset of arthritis/arthralgia have been reported in the literature. Various mechanisms could be responsible for DPP-4 inhibitor-induced arthritis/arthralgia, and the increase of cytokines, chemokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and genetic factors plays an important role. The US FDA published a safety announcement regarding the entire drug class, encouraging healthcare professionals and patients to pay attention to the occurrence of arthralgia during treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors; arthralgia could be assessed as a class adverse drug event for DPP-4 inhibitors. To summarize the evidence on the correlation between DPP-4 inhibitors and arthritis/arthralgia, and to explain the measures taken by the FDA with regard to arthralgia risk, we performed a literature review of recent evidence concerning this association. This review shows the necessity of other studies to better define the association between DPP-4 inhibitors and arthritis/arthralgia.

Dipeptidyl Peptidase (DPP)-4 Inhibitor-Induced Arthritis/Arthralgia: A Review of Clinical Cases

RAFANIELLO, Concetta;SPORTIELLO, Liberata;ROSSI, Francesco;CAPUANO, Annalisa
2016

Abstract

Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors are a class of oral drugs used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The pharmacological inhibition of DPP-4 seems to also induce adverse events related to cytokine-induced inflammation. Recently, several clinical cases regarding the association of DPP-4 inhibitors and the onset of arthritis/arthralgia have been reported in the literature. Various mechanisms could be responsible for DPP-4 inhibitor-induced arthritis/arthralgia, and the increase of cytokines, chemokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and genetic factors plays an important role. The US FDA published a safety announcement regarding the entire drug class, encouraging healthcare professionals and patients to pay attention to the occurrence of arthralgia during treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors; arthralgia could be assessed as a class adverse drug event for DPP-4 inhibitors. To summarize the evidence on the correlation between DPP-4 inhibitors and arthritis/arthralgia, and to explain the measures taken by the FDA with regard to arthralgia risk, we performed a literature review of recent evidence concerning this association. This review shows the necessity of other studies to better define the association between DPP-4 inhibitors and arthritis/arthralgia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/357848
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