L-type Ca2+ channels (LCC) are membrane heteromultimeric proteins that allow the selective entrance of Ca2+ ions into excitable cells upon membrane depolarization. Despite the large amount of compounds (1,4-dihydropyridines, phenylalkylamines, and benzothiazepines) that impede the passage of Ca2+ ions through the channel, it is still not clear how these molecules bind to LCC at an atomic level. In this study, a 3D model of the central pore of LCC was constructed using the X-ray structure of the KcsA K+ channel as template. The resulting LCC model was then used to dock nine different DHPs to shed light on their binding mode. The accordance between the developed model and several experimental data gives us the confidence to propose our model as a valuable platform for future studies aimed at the identification of new potent and LCC-selective ligands. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
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