In recent decades, the Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) phenomenon has been utilized as an underlying technique in a broad range of application fields. Herein, a new measuring strategy which harnesses the SPR technique in a way that is different from the classical methodology was explored by taking advantage of the characteristics of multimode waveguides, such as plastic optical fibers (POFs) or hetero-core fibers. The sensor systems based on this innovative sensing approach were designed, fabricated, and investigated to assess their ability to measure various physical features, such as magnetic field, temperature, force, and volume, and to realize chemical sensors. In more detail, a sensitive patch of fiber was used in series with a multimodal waveguide where the SPR took place, to alter the mode profile of the light at the input of the waveguide itself. In fact, when the changes of the physical feature of interest acted on the sensitive patch, a variation of the incident angles of the light launched in the multimodal waveguide occurred, and, as a consequence, a shift in resonance wavelength took place. The proposed approach permitted the separation of the measurand interaction zone and the SPR zone. This meant that the SPR zone could be realized only with a buffer layer and a metallic film, thus optimizing the total thickness of the layers for the best sensitivity, regardless of the measurand type. The proposed review aims to summarize the capabilities of this innovative sensing approach to realize several types of sensors for different application fields, showing the high performances obtained by exploiting a simple production process and an easy experimental setup.

A Novel Approach to Realize Plasmonic Sensors via Multimode Optical Waveguides: A Review

Arcadio F.;Zeni L.;Cennamo N.
2023

Abstract

In recent decades, the Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) phenomenon has been utilized as an underlying technique in a broad range of application fields. Herein, a new measuring strategy which harnesses the SPR technique in a way that is different from the classical methodology was explored by taking advantage of the characteristics of multimode waveguides, such as plastic optical fibers (POFs) or hetero-core fibers. The sensor systems based on this innovative sensing approach were designed, fabricated, and investigated to assess their ability to measure various physical features, such as magnetic field, temperature, force, and volume, and to realize chemical sensors. In more detail, a sensitive patch of fiber was used in series with a multimodal waveguide where the SPR took place, to alter the mode profile of the light at the input of the waveguide itself. In fact, when the changes of the physical feature of interest acted on the sensitive patch, a variation of the incident angles of the light launched in the multimodal waveguide occurred, and, as a consequence, a shift in resonance wavelength took place. The proposed approach permitted the separation of the measurand interaction zone and the SPR zone. This meant that the SPR zone could be realized only with a buffer layer and a metallic film, thus optimizing the total thickness of the layers for the best sensitivity, regardless of the measurand type. The proposed review aims to summarize the capabilities of this innovative sensing approach to realize several types of sensors for different application fields, showing the high performances obtained by exploiting a simple production process and an easy experimental setup.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/519994
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