Aims To conduct a contemporary cost-effectiveness analysis examining the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Methods A discrete-time Markov model was used to determine the cost-effectiveness of different ICD decision-making rules for implantation. Several scenarios were investigated, including the reference scenario of implantation rates according to observed real-world practice. A 12-year time horizon with an annual cycle length was used. Transition probabilities used in the model were obtained using Bayesian analysis. The study has been reported according to the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards checklist.Results Using a 5-year SCD risk threshold of 6% was cheaper than current practice and has marginally better total quality adjusted life years (QALYs). This is the most cost-effective of the options considered, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of 834 pound per QALY. Sensitivity analyses highlighted that this decision is largely driven by what health-related quality of life (HRQL) is attributed to ICD patients and time horizon.Conclusion We present a timely new perspective on HCM-ICD cost-effectiveness, using methods reflecting real-world practice. While we have shown that a 6% 5-year SCD risk cut-off provides the best cohort stratification to aid ICD decision-making, this will also be influenced by the particular values of costs and HRQL for subgroups or at a local level. The process of explicitly demonstrating the main factors, which drive conclusions from such an analysis will help to inform shared decision-making in this complex area for all stakeholders concerned.

A cost-effectiveness analysis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy sudden cardiac death risk algorithms for implantable cardioverter defibrillator decision-making

Limongelli, Giuseppe;
2023

Abstract

Aims To conduct a contemporary cost-effectiveness analysis examining the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Methods A discrete-time Markov model was used to determine the cost-effectiveness of different ICD decision-making rules for implantation. Several scenarios were investigated, including the reference scenario of implantation rates according to observed real-world practice. A 12-year time horizon with an annual cycle length was used. Transition probabilities used in the model were obtained using Bayesian analysis. The study has been reported according to the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards checklist.Results Using a 5-year SCD risk threshold of 6% was cheaper than current practice and has marginally better total quality adjusted life years (QALYs). This is the most cost-effective of the options considered, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of 834 pound per QALY. Sensitivity analyses highlighted that this decision is largely driven by what health-related quality of life (HRQL) is attributed to ICD patients and time horizon.Conclusion We present a timely new perspective on HCM-ICD cost-effectiveness, using methods reflecting real-world practice. While we have shown that a 6% 5-year SCD risk cut-off provides the best cohort stratification to aid ICD decision-making, this will also be influenced by the particular values of costs and HRQL for subgroups or at a local level. The process of explicitly demonstrating the main factors, which drive conclusions from such an analysis will help to inform shared decision-making in this complex area for all stakeholders concerned.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/519472
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