Introduction: Little is still known about the positivity rate of nitroglycerin (NTG) potentiated head-up tilt test (HUTT) according to the history-based clinical features of syncope. The study aimed to compare the HUTT positivity rate and type of responses in patients with classical and non-classical vasovagal syncope (VVS). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all consecutive patients who underwent NTG-potentiated HUTT for VVS. The study population was dichotomized into classical and non-classical VVS. Results: A total of 1285 VVS patients (45± 19.1 years; 49.6% male) were enrolled: 627 (48.8%) had a history of classical VVS and 658 (51.2%) of non-classical VVS. HUTT was positive in 866 (67.4%) patients. The positivity rate was significantly higher in patients with classical compared to those with non-classical VVS (81.5% vs 54%; P< 0.0001). Cardioinhibitory response showed similar total positivity rate (27.6% vs 31%; P= 0.17), but higher relative prevalence among positive tests (57.7% vs 33.9%, P< 0.0001) in patients with non-classical VVS. At multivariable analysis, classical reflex syncope, male sex, history of traumatic syncope and use of diuretics were independent predictors of HUTT positivity. Conclusion: The clinical presentation of syncope influences the overall HUTT positivity rate and the type of responses. Cardioinhibitory response and traumatic syncope are more likely in patients with non-classical VVS.

The clinical presentation of syncope influences the head-up tilt test responses

Russo V.
Conceptualization
;
Comune A.;Golino P.;Nigro G.
Conceptualization
;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Little is still known about the positivity rate of nitroglycerin (NTG) potentiated head-up tilt test (HUTT) according to the history-based clinical features of syncope. The study aimed to compare the HUTT positivity rate and type of responses in patients with classical and non-classical vasovagal syncope (VVS). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all consecutive patients who underwent NTG-potentiated HUTT for VVS. The study population was dichotomized into classical and non-classical VVS. Results: A total of 1285 VVS patients (45± 19.1 years; 49.6% male) were enrolled: 627 (48.8%) had a history of classical VVS and 658 (51.2%) of non-classical VVS. HUTT was positive in 866 (67.4%) patients. The positivity rate was significantly higher in patients with classical compared to those with non-classical VVS (81.5% vs 54%; P< 0.0001). Cardioinhibitory response showed similar total positivity rate (27.6% vs 31%; P= 0.17), but higher relative prevalence among positive tests (57.7% vs 33.9%, P< 0.0001) in patients with non-classical VVS. At multivariable analysis, classical reflex syncope, male sex, history of traumatic syncope and use of diuretics were independent predictors of HUTT positivity. Conclusion: The clinical presentation of syncope influences the overall HUTT positivity rate and the type of responses. Cardioinhibitory response and traumatic syncope are more likely in patients with non-classical VVS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/505393
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