Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a heterogeneous group of metabolic liver diseases and is characterized by the presence of steatosis in at least 5% of hepatocytes. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of the combination therapy of empagliflozin + metformin vs. metformin monotherapy on NAFLD progression in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients. Sixty-three metformin-treated T2DM patients who were SGLT2i-naive and had an ultrasound diagnosis of NAFLD (aged 60.95 +/- 11.14 years; males, 57.1%) were included in the present analysis. Thirty-three started the combination therapy. All patients were observed for 6 months and routinely monitored with anthro-pometry, blood biochemistry, and FibroScan((R))/CAP. At the 6-month follow-up, the combination therapy group presented a significant reduction in BMI (30.83 +/- 3.5 vs. 28.48 +/- 3.25), glycated hemoglobin (8.2 (7.4-8.8)) vs. 7.2 (6.8-7.9), ALT (68.5 (41.5-88.0) vs. 45.00 (38.00, 48.00)), CAP parameter (293.5 (270.0-319.25) vs. 267.00 (259.50, 283.75)) and steatosis degree (p = 0.001) in comparison with the control group, whose parameters remained almost stable over time. In patients affected by T2DM, the combina-tion of empagliflozin + metformin vs. metformin monotherapy ameliorated liver steatosis, ALT levels, body weight, and glycated hemoglobin after a 6-month follow-up.

Effects of a Combination of Empagliflozin Plus Metformin vs. Metformin Monotherapy on NAFLD Progression in Type 2 Diabetes: The IMAGIN Pilot Study

Caturano, Alfredo;Galiero, Raffaele;Vetrano, Erica;Medicamento, Giulia;Rinaldi, Luca;Marrone, Aldo;Salvatore, Teresa;Monda, Marcellino;Sardu, Celestino;Marfella, Raffaele;Sasso, Ferdinando Carlo
2023

Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a heterogeneous group of metabolic liver diseases and is characterized by the presence of steatosis in at least 5% of hepatocytes. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of the combination therapy of empagliflozin + metformin vs. metformin monotherapy on NAFLD progression in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients. Sixty-three metformin-treated T2DM patients who were SGLT2i-naive and had an ultrasound diagnosis of NAFLD (aged 60.95 +/- 11.14 years; males, 57.1%) were included in the present analysis. Thirty-three started the combination therapy. All patients were observed for 6 months and routinely monitored with anthro-pometry, blood biochemistry, and FibroScan((R))/CAP. At the 6-month follow-up, the combination therapy group presented a significant reduction in BMI (30.83 +/- 3.5 vs. 28.48 +/- 3.25), glycated hemoglobin (8.2 (7.4-8.8)) vs. 7.2 (6.8-7.9), ALT (68.5 (41.5-88.0) vs. 45.00 (38.00, 48.00)), CAP parameter (293.5 (270.0-319.25) vs. 267.00 (259.50, 283.75)) and steatosis degree (p = 0.001) in comparison with the control group, whose parameters remained almost stable over time. In patients affected by T2DM, the combina-tion of empagliflozin + metformin vs. metformin monotherapy ameliorated liver steatosis, ALT levels, body weight, and glycated hemoglobin after a 6-month follow-up.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/493131
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact