: Point-of-Care tests based on biomarkers, useful to monitor acute and chronic inflammations, are required for advances in medicine. In this scope, a key role is played by pro-inflammatory cytokines, of which interleukin 6 (IL-6) is generally thought as one of the most relevant. To use IL-6 in real scenarios, detection in ultra-low concentration ranges is required. In this work, two IL-6 biosensors are obtained by exploiting the combination of the same antibody self-assembled monolayer with two different plasmonic probes. This approach has demonstrated, via experimental results, that two different IL-6 concentration ranges can be explored. More specifically, IL-6 in an atto-femto molar range can be detected via polymer-based nanoplasmonic chips. On the other hand, a pico-nano molar range is obtained by a surface plasmon resonance platform in plastic optical fibers. As a proof of concept, the detection of IL-6 at the femto molar range has been obtained in Saliva and Serum. The results show that the proposed sensing approach could be useful in developing Point-of-Care devices based on a general setup with the capability to exploit both the plasmonic biosensor chips to monitor the IL-6 in the concentration range of interest, to provide an important support for the diagnosis and monitoring of oral and systemic diseases.

Towards a point-of-care test to cover atto-femto and pico-nano molar concentration ranges in interleukin 6 detection exploiting PMMA-based plasmonic biosensor chips

Cennamo, Nunzio;Piccirillo, Angelantonio;Bencivenga, Debora;Arcadio, Francesco;Annunziata, Marco;Della Ragione, Fulvio;Guida, Luigi
;
Zeni, Luigi
;
Borriello, Adriana
2023

Abstract

: Point-of-Care tests based on biomarkers, useful to monitor acute and chronic inflammations, are required for advances in medicine. In this scope, a key role is played by pro-inflammatory cytokines, of which interleukin 6 (IL-6) is generally thought as one of the most relevant. To use IL-6 in real scenarios, detection in ultra-low concentration ranges is required. In this work, two IL-6 biosensors are obtained by exploiting the combination of the same antibody self-assembled monolayer with two different plasmonic probes. This approach has demonstrated, via experimental results, that two different IL-6 concentration ranges can be explored. More specifically, IL-6 in an atto-femto molar range can be detected via polymer-based nanoplasmonic chips. On the other hand, a pico-nano molar range is obtained by a surface plasmon resonance platform in plastic optical fibers. As a proof of concept, the detection of IL-6 at the femto molar range has been obtained in Saliva and Serum. The results show that the proposed sensing approach could be useful in developing Point-of-Care devices based on a general setup with the capability to exploit both the plasmonic biosensor chips to monitor the IL-6 in the concentration range of interest, to provide an important support for the diagnosis and monitoring of oral and systemic diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/490248
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