Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is an inevitable complication of liver transplantation and partial hepatectomy. Although the hazards of environmental microplastics (EMPs) have been well explored, data underlying their impact on IR-induced hepatotoxicity and how to alleviate these damages remain largely undefined. In this study, the involvement of melatonin (MT) in modulating EMPs toxicity in the liver undergoing ischemia-reperfusion injury was investigated. Male Wistar rats were exposed to MPs for 7 days and then subjected to 1 h of partial warm ischemia (70 %) followed by 24 h of reperfusion. We analyzed some parameters as the oxidative stress, the stability of cytoskeleton as well as inflammation, and autophagy. Our data suggested that EMPs elicited liver injury in ischemic animals. Data revealed several histological alterations caused by EMP and IRI, including cellular disorientation, cell necrosis, and microvacuolar steatosis, as well as inflammatory cell infiltration. EMPs increased blood transaminase (AST and ALT) and oxidative stress levels in the ischemic liver. In addition, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence, and western blot analyses highlighted an increased expression of α-tubulin, IL-18, NFkB, and LC3. However, the ability of MT to reduce MPs and IRI toxicity was consistent with a significant decrease in the evaluated markers. The combined data not only document that melatonin is an effective agent to protect against hepatic IRI but also reduces cellular dysfunction caused by EMPs.

Environmental microplastic accumulation exacerbates liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat: Protective effects of melatonin

Venditti, Massimo;Minucci, Sergio;
2023

Abstract

Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is an inevitable complication of liver transplantation and partial hepatectomy. Although the hazards of environmental microplastics (EMPs) have been well explored, data underlying their impact on IR-induced hepatotoxicity and how to alleviate these damages remain largely undefined. In this study, the involvement of melatonin (MT) in modulating EMPs toxicity in the liver undergoing ischemia-reperfusion injury was investigated. Male Wistar rats were exposed to MPs for 7 days and then subjected to 1 h of partial warm ischemia (70 %) followed by 24 h of reperfusion. We analyzed some parameters as the oxidative stress, the stability of cytoskeleton as well as inflammation, and autophagy. Our data suggested that EMPs elicited liver injury in ischemic animals. Data revealed several histological alterations caused by EMP and IRI, including cellular disorientation, cell necrosis, and microvacuolar steatosis, as well as inflammatory cell infiltration. EMPs increased blood transaminase (AST and ALT) and oxidative stress levels in the ischemic liver. In addition, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence, and western blot analyses highlighted an increased expression of α-tubulin, IL-18, NFkB, and LC3. However, the ability of MT to reduce MPs and IRI toxicity was consistent with a significant decrease in the evaluated markers. The combined data not only document that melatonin is an effective agent to protect against hepatic IRI but also reduces cellular dysfunction caused by EMPs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/487416
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