Aims To investigate the prognostic significance of heterogeneity in the refractoriness of right ventricular (RV) outflow tract (RVOT) and RV apex at the electrophysiological study (EPS) in Brugada syndrome (BrS). Methods and results A cohort of BrS patients (primary prevention) from five Italian centres was retrospectively analysed. Patients with spontaneous or drug-induced Type-1 electrocardiogram (ECG) + symptoms were offered an EPS for prognostic stratification. The primary endpoint was a composite of sudden cardiac death (SCD), resuscitated cardiac arrest, or appropriate intervention by the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Three hundred and seventy-two patients with BrS were evaluated (44 +/- 15 years, 69% males, 23% with ICD): 4 SCDs and 17 ICD interventions occurred at follow-up (median 48, interquartile range: 36-60 months). Family history of SCD, syncope, and a spontaneous Type-1 ECG pattern were univariate predictors of the primary endpoint in the whole population. In patients undergoing EPS (n = 198, 53%, 44 +/- 12 years, 71% males, 39% with ICD), 3 SCD and 15 ICD interventions occurred at follow-up. In this subset, the primary endpoint was not only predicted by ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation inducibility but also by a difference in the refractory period between RVOT and RV apex (Delta RPRVOT-apex) >60 ms. Delta RPRVOT-apex > 60 ms remained an independent predictor of SCD/ICD shock at bivariate analysis, even when adjusted for the other univariate predictors, showing the highest predictive power at C-statistic analysis (0.75, 95% confidence interval 0.63-0.86). Conclusions Heterogeneity of RV refractory periods is a strong, independent predictor of life-threatening arrhythmias in BrS patients, beyond VT/VF inducibility at EPS and common clinical predictors.

Prognostic value of right ventricular refractory period heterogeneity in Type-1 Brugada electrocardiographic pattern

Russo, Vincenzo;
2022

Abstract

Aims To investigate the prognostic significance of heterogeneity in the refractoriness of right ventricular (RV) outflow tract (RVOT) and RV apex at the electrophysiological study (EPS) in Brugada syndrome (BrS). Methods and results A cohort of BrS patients (primary prevention) from five Italian centres was retrospectively analysed. Patients with spontaneous or drug-induced Type-1 electrocardiogram (ECG) + symptoms were offered an EPS for prognostic stratification. The primary endpoint was a composite of sudden cardiac death (SCD), resuscitated cardiac arrest, or appropriate intervention by the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Three hundred and seventy-two patients with BrS were evaluated (44 +/- 15 years, 69% males, 23% with ICD): 4 SCDs and 17 ICD interventions occurred at follow-up (median 48, interquartile range: 36-60 months). Family history of SCD, syncope, and a spontaneous Type-1 ECG pattern were univariate predictors of the primary endpoint in the whole population. In patients undergoing EPS (n = 198, 53%, 44 +/- 12 years, 71% males, 39% with ICD), 3 SCD and 15 ICD interventions occurred at follow-up. In this subset, the primary endpoint was not only predicted by ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation inducibility but also by a difference in the refractory period between RVOT and RV apex (Delta RPRVOT-apex) >60 ms. Delta RPRVOT-apex > 60 ms remained an independent predictor of SCD/ICD shock at bivariate analysis, even when adjusted for the other univariate predictors, showing the highest predictive power at C-statistic analysis (0.75, 95% confidence interval 0.63-0.86). Conclusions Heterogeneity of RV refractory periods is a strong, independent predictor of life-threatening arrhythmias in BrS patients, beyond VT/VF inducibility at EPS and common clinical predictors.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/486924
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact