Purpose To assess the prevalence of pre-diabetes phenotypes, i.e., impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), increased HbA1c (IA1c), and their association with metabolic profile and atherogenic lipid profile in youths with overweight/obesity (OW/OB). Methods This cross-sectional study analyzed data of 1549 youths (5-18 years) with OW/OB followed in nine Italian centers between 2016 and 2020. Fasting and post-load measurements of glucose, insulin, and HbA1c were available. Insulin resistance (IR) was estimated by HOMA-IR and insulin sensitivity (IS) by reciprocal of fasting insulin. The atherogenic lipid profile was assessed by triglycerides-to-HDL ratio or cholesterol-to-HDL ratio. Insulinogenic index was available in 939 youths, in whom the disposition index was calculated. Results The prevalence of overall pre-diabetes, IFG, IGT and IA1c was 27.6%, 10.2%, 8% and 16.3%, respectively. Analyzing each isolated phenotype, IGT exhibited two- to three-fold higher odds ratio of family history of diabetes, and worse metabolic and atherogenic lipid profile vs normoglycemic youths; IFG was associated only with IR, while IA1c showed a metabolic and atherogenic lipid profile intermediate between IGT and IFG. Conclusion Prevalence of pre-diabetes was high and IA1c was the most prevalent phenotype in Italian youths with OW/OB. The IGT phenotype showed the worst metabolic and atherogenic lipid profile, followed by IA1c. More studies are needed to assess whether HbA1c may help improving the prediction of diabetes.

Phenotypes of prediabetes and metabolic risk in Caucasian youths with overweight or obesity

Del Giudice, E Miraglia;
2022

Abstract

Purpose To assess the prevalence of pre-diabetes phenotypes, i.e., impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), increased HbA1c (IA1c), and their association with metabolic profile and atherogenic lipid profile in youths with overweight/obesity (OW/OB). Methods This cross-sectional study analyzed data of 1549 youths (5-18 years) with OW/OB followed in nine Italian centers between 2016 and 2020. Fasting and post-load measurements of glucose, insulin, and HbA1c were available. Insulin resistance (IR) was estimated by HOMA-IR and insulin sensitivity (IS) by reciprocal of fasting insulin. The atherogenic lipid profile was assessed by triglycerides-to-HDL ratio or cholesterol-to-HDL ratio. Insulinogenic index was available in 939 youths, in whom the disposition index was calculated. Results The prevalence of overall pre-diabetes, IFG, IGT and IA1c was 27.6%, 10.2%, 8% and 16.3%, respectively. Analyzing each isolated phenotype, IGT exhibited two- to three-fold higher odds ratio of family history of diabetes, and worse metabolic and atherogenic lipid profile vs normoglycemic youths; IFG was associated only with IR, while IA1c showed a metabolic and atherogenic lipid profile intermediate between IGT and IFG. Conclusion Prevalence of pre-diabetes was high and IA1c was the most prevalent phenotype in Italian youths with OW/OB. The IGT phenotype showed the worst metabolic and atherogenic lipid profile, followed by IA1c. More studies are needed to assess whether HbA1c may help improving the prediction of diabetes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/486912
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