Purpose: To analyze diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and the related apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in women with breast cancer, correlating these values with the presence at 3years of distant metastases, and to demonstrate that DWI-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and related ADC values may represent a prognostic value in the study of women with breast cancer. Materials and methods: Sixty women (aged 45-73 years) affected with breast cancer with a follow-up in 3years were enrolled. On DWI, we obtained the ADC values, and these were correlated with the clinical condition of patients at 3years. Moreover, tumour size, lymph node status, and molecular markers, including estrogens receptor, progesterone receptor, Ki-67 index, and human growth factor receptor 2 protein, were correlated with ADC values. This study was approved by the Scientific Committee of our institution. Results: We considered patients with metastasis at 3years (12 patients - 20%) and without metastasis (48 patients - 80%). The mean ADC value in patients with no metastases at 3years was 1.06 +/- 0.38, while for patients with metastases it was 0.74 +/- 0.34 (p = .011). The receiver-operator curve analysis identified a value of 0.75 (<0.75 with risk to develop metastasis) as the best predictive cutoff for ADC values, with the highest sensitivity (81.25%) and higher specificity (66.67%). After regression analysis, ADC value, positivity to estrogen-progestin receptors, and presence of lymph nodes were the only prognostic factors found to be statistically significant. Conclusions: DWI-MRI and related ADC values may represent a prognostic value in women with breast cancer.

Can Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and Related Apparent Diffusion Coefficient be a Prognostic Value in Women With Breast Cancer?

Vittorio Simeon
Formal Analysis
;
2017

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and the related apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in women with breast cancer, correlating these values with the presence at 3years of distant metastases, and to demonstrate that DWI-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and related ADC values may represent a prognostic value in the study of women with breast cancer. Materials and methods: Sixty women (aged 45-73 years) affected with breast cancer with a follow-up in 3years were enrolled. On DWI, we obtained the ADC values, and these were correlated with the clinical condition of patients at 3years. Moreover, tumour size, lymph node status, and molecular markers, including estrogens receptor, progesterone receptor, Ki-67 index, and human growth factor receptor 2 protein, were correlated with ADC values. This study was approved by the Scientific Committee of our institution. Results: We considered patients with metastasis at 3years (12 patients - 20%) and without metastasis (48 patients - 80%). The mean ADC value in patients with no metastases at 3years was 1.06 +/- 0.38, while for patients with metastases it was 0.74 +/- 0.34 (p = .011). The receiver-operator curve analysis identified a value of 0.75 (<0.75 with risk to develop metastasis) as the best predictive cutoff for ADC values, with the highest sensitivity (81.25%) and higher specificity (66.67%). After regression analysis, ADC value, positivity to estrogen-progestin receptors, and presence of lymph nodes were the only prognostic factors found to be statistically significant. Conclusions: DWI-MRI and related ADC values may represent a prognostic value in women with breast cancer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/486195
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