We performed a pilot study to evaluate the use of MRI delta texture analysis (D-TA) as a methodological item able to predict the frequency of complete pathological responses and, consequently, the outcome of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer addressed to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (C-RT) and subsequently, to radical surgery. In particular, we carried out a retrospective analysis including 100 patients with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma who received C-RT and then radical surgery in three different oncological institutions between January 2013 and December 2019. Our experimental design was focused on the evaluation of the gross tumor volume (GTV) at baseline and after C-RT by means of MRI, which was contoured on T2, DWI, and ADC sequences. Multiple texture parameters were extracted by using a LifeX Software, while D-TA was calculated as percentage of variations in the two time points. Both univariate and multivariate analysis (logistic regression) were, therefore, carried out in order to correlate the above-mentioned TA parameters with the frequency of pathological responses in the examined patients’ population focusing on the detection of complete pathological response (pCR, with no viable cancer cells: TRG 1) as main statistical endpoint. ROC curves were performed on three different datasets considering that on the 21 patients, only 21% achieved an actual pCR. In our training dataset series, pCR frequency significantly correlated with ADC GLCM-Entropy only, when univariate and binary logistic analysis were performed (AUC for pCR was 0.87). A confirmative binary logistic regression analysis was then repeated in the two remaining validation datasets (AUC for pCR was 0.92 and 0.88, respectively). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that D-TA may have a significant predictive value in detecting the occurrence of pCR in our patient series. If confirmed in prospective and multicenter trials, these results may have a critical role in the selection of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who may benefit form radical surgery after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.

Ability of Delta Radiomics to Predict a Complete Pathological Response in Patients with Loco-Regional Rectal Cancer Addressed to Neoadjuvant Chemo-Radiation and Surgery

Nardone V.;Reginelli A.;Vacca G.;Giacobbe G.;Angrisani A.;Grassi R.;Cappabianca S.
2022

Abstract

We performed a pilot study to evaluate the use of MRI delta texture analysis (D-TA) as a methodological item able to predict the frequency of complete pathological responses and, consequently, the outcome of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer addressed to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (C-RT) and subsequently, to radical surgery. In particular, we carried out a retrospective analysis including 100 patients with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma who received C-RT and then radical surgery in three different oncological institutions between January 2013 and December 2019. Our experimental design was focused on the evaluation of the gross tumor volume (GTV) at baseline and after C-RT by means of MRI, which was contoured on T2, DWI, and ADC sequences. Multiple texture parameters were extracted by using a LifeX Software, while D-TA was calculated as percentage of variations in the two time points. Both univariate and multivariate analysis (logistic regression) were, therefore, carried out in order to correlate the above-mentioned TA parameters with the frequency of pathological responses in the examined patients’ population focusing on the detection of complete pathological response (pCR, with no viable cancer cells: TRG 1) as main statistical endpoint. ROC curves were performed on three different datasets considering that on the 21 patients, only 21% achieved an actual pCR. In our training dataset series, pCR frequency significantly correlated with ADC GLCM-Entropy only, when univariate and binary logistic analysis were performed (AUC for pCR was 0.87). A confirmative binary logistic regression analysis was then repeated in the two remaining validation datasets (AUC for pCR was 0.92 and 0.88, respectively). Overall, these results support the hypothesis that D-TA may have a significant predictive value in detecting the occurrence of pCR in our patient series. If confirmed in prospective and multicenter trials, these results may have a critical role in the selection of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who may benefit form radical surgery after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/483771
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