Guided wave (GW) structural health monitoring (SHM) systems offer an attractive solution as an in-situ quasi real-time assessment of structural damage, but their sensitivity and efficiency may be impaired under varied environmental and operational conditions. Thus, virtual tests, such as that based on the Finite Element (FE) method, represent a valid approach for simulating and investigating SHM systems, enabling a substantial reduction in experimental campaigns. In this work, GW propagation characteristics in a carbon fibre-reinforced composite plate are studied under a varying temperature condition, representative of the aeronautics application. At first, GW SHM system was physically tested at room temperature (20°C), and the results were used to calibrate and assess the proposed FE modelling approaches, characterised by different element types and mesh sizes. A temperature independent averaged time compensation factor is proposed to mitigate the numerical data dependency on excitation frequency and propagation angle. Two temperature variations (from 20°C to -50°C, and 20°C to 65°C) were experimentally and numerically considered to investigate the effect of varying temperature on the GW. For all test cases, the compensated numerical data was compared to the experimental results, and discussed in terms of dispersion curves, focusing on the zero-order symmetric, S0, and antisymmetric, A0, modes. Results show that both 2D and 3D FE approaches can accurately predict the changes in GW due to varying temperature, with the group velocity of the A0 mode being less sensitive to temperature variations.

Experiments and modelling of ultrasonic waves in composite plates under varying temperature

De Luca A.;Caputo F.
2022

Abstract

Guided wave (GW) structural health monitoring (SHM) systems offer an attractive solution as an in-situ quasi real-time assessment of structural damage, but their sensitivity and efficiency may be impaired under varied environmental and operational conditions. Thus, virtual tests, such as that based on the Finite Element (FE) method, represent a valid approach for simulating and investigating SHM systems, enabling a substantial reduction in experimental campaigns. In this work, GW propagation characteristics in a carbon fibre-reinforced composite plate are studied under a varying temperature condition, representative of the aeronautics application. At first, GW SHM system was physically tested at room temperature (20°C), and the results were used to calibrate and assess the proposed FE modelling approaches, characterised by different element types and mesh sizes. A temperature independent averaged time compensation factor is proposed to mitigate the numerical data dependency on excitation frequency and propagation angle. Two temperature variations (from 20°C to -50°C, and 20°C to 65°C) were experimentally and numerically considered to investigate the effect of varying temperature on the GW. For all test cases, the compensated numerical data was compared to the experimental results, and discussed in terms of dispersion curves, focusing on the zero-order symmetric, S0, and antisymmetric, A0, modes. Results show that both 2D and 3D FE approaches can accurately predict the changes in GW due to varying temperature, with the group velocity of the A0 mode being less sensitive to temperature variations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/483637
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