Purpose: Gut microbiota has recently been recognized to be influenced by a broad range of pathologies. Alterations of gut microbiota are known as dysbiosis and have found to be related to chronic constipation, a condition which affects also pediatric patients with spina bifida (SB). Methods: In this study, gut microbiota richness and composition were investigated by 16S rRNA sequencing and bioinformatic analysis in 48 SB patients (mean age, 11.9 ± 4.8 years) with secondary neurogenic constipation and 32 healthy controls (mean age, 18.0 ± 9.6 years). The study also aimed at exploring eventual effects of laxatives and transanal irrigation (TAI) adopted by SB subjects to get relief from the symptoms of neurogenic constipation. Results: Collected data demonstrated that the microbiota richness of SB patients was significantly increased compared to healthy controls, with a higher number of dominant bacteria rather than rare species. The absence of SB condition was associated with taxa Coprococcus 2, with the species C. eutactus and Roseburia, Dialister, and the [Eubacterium] coprostanoligenes group. On the other hand, the SB patients displayed a different group of positively associated taxa, namely, Blautia, Collinsella, Intestinibacter, and Romboutsia genera, the [Clostridium] innocuum group, and Clostridium sensu stricto 1. Bifidobacterium and the [Eubacterium] hallii group were also found to be positively associated with SB gut microbiome. Conclusions: Among SB patients, the administration of laxatives and TAI did not negatively affect gut microbiota diversity and composition, even considering long-term use (up to 5 years) of TAI device.

Gut microbiota and pediatric patients with spina bifida and neurogenic bowel dysfunction

Laura Lombardi;Antonio Marte;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Gut microbiota has recently been recognized to be influenced by a broad range of pathologies. Alterations of gut microbiota are known as dysbiosis and have found to be related to chronic constipation, a condition which affects also pediatric patients with spina bifida (SB). Methods: In this study, gut microbiota richness and composition were investigated by 16S rRNA sequencing and bioinformatic analysis in 48 SB patients (mean age, 11.9 ± 4.8 years) with secondary neurogenic constipation and 32 healthy controls (mean age, 18.0 ± 9.6 years). The study also aimed at exploring eventual effects of laxatives and transanal irrigation (TAI) adopted by SB subjects to get relief from the symptoms of neurogenic constipation. Results: Collected data demonstrated that the microbiota richness of SB patients was significantly increased compared to healthy controls, with a higher number of dominant bacteria rather than rare species. The absence of SB condition was associated with taxa Coprococcus 2, with the species C. eutactus and Roseburia, Dialister, and the [Eubacterium] coprostanoligenes group. On the other hand, the SB patients displayed a different group of positively associated taxa, namely, Blautia, Collinsella, Intestinibacter, and Romboutsia genera, the [Clostridium] innocuum group, and Clostridium sensu stricto 1. Bifidobacterium and the [Eubacterium] hallii group were also found to be positively associated with SB gut microbiome. Conclusions: Among SB patients, the administration of laxatives and TAI did not negatively affect gut microbiota diversity and composition, even considering long-term use (up to 5 years) of TAI device.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/479011
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