People with Down Syndrome (DS) often have impaired balance and postural control and result as less active than their peers, that can lead to reduced quality of life and movement skills. Effects of physical activity may be important in preventing falling risk and health consequences in people with DS. In this context, we conducted a literature search of original articles, published between January 2010 and January 2020, on the effects of physical activity on balance and postural control in people with DS. We found 16 articles from almost all continents, investigating the effects of different types of physical activity on static and dynamic balance and postural control. The included studies reported improvements in both static and dynamic balance with exercise programmes lasting at least 6 weeks and containing strength, aerobic and sensorimotor training. However, the most suitable type of physical activity for people with DS is not clear. In conclusion, physical activity is highly recommendable in people with DS, to improve their balance and prevent falling risk.
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