Outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients requiring surgery during the outbreak of Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) are unknown. Aim of this study was to analyse the outcomes depending on the COVID-19 status of the centre. Patients undergoing surgery in six COVID-19 treatment and one COVID-free hospitals (five countries) during the first COVID-19 peak were included. Variables associated with risk of moderate-to-severe complications were identified using logistic regression analysis. A total of 91 patients with Crohn's disease (54, 59.3%) or ulcerative colitis (37, 40.7%), 66 (72.5%) had surgery in one of the COVID-19-treatment hospitals, while 25 (27.5%) in the COVID-19-free centre. More COVID-19-treatment patients required urgent surgery (48.4% vs. 24%, p = 0.035), did not discontinue biologic therapy (15.1% vs. 0%, p = 0.039), underwent surgery without a SARS-CoV-2 test (19.7% vs. 0%, p = 0.0033), and required intensive care admission (10.6% vs. 0%, p = 0.032). Three patients (4.6%) had a SARS-CoV-2 infection postoperatively. Postoperative complications were associated with the use of steroids at surgery (Odds ratio [OR] = 4.10, 95% CI 1.14-15.3, p = 0.03), presence of comorbidities (OR = 3.33, 95% CI 1.08-11, p = 0.035), and Crohn's disease (vs. ulcerative colitis, OR = 3.82, 95% CI 1.14-15.4, p = 0.028). IBD patients can undergo surgery regardless of the COVID-19 status of the referral centre. The risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection should be taken into account.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease patients requiring surgery can be treated in referral centres regardless of the COVID-19 status of the hospital: results of a multicentric European study during the first COVID-19 outbreak (COVIBD-Surg)

Pellino, Gianluca;
2021

Abstract

Outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients requiring surgery during the outbreak of Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) are unknown. Aim of this study was to analyse the outcomes depending on the COVID-19 status of the centre. Patients undergoing surgery in six COVID-19 treatment and one COVID-free hospitals (five countries) during the first COVID-19 peak were included. Variables associated with risk of moderate-to-severe complications were identified using logistic regression analysis. A total of 91 patients with Crohn's disease (54, 59.3%) or ulcerative colitis (37, 40.7%), 66 (72.5%) had surgery in one of the COVID-19-treatment hospitals, while 25 (27.5%) in the COVID-19-free centre. More COVID-19-treatment patients required urgent surgery (48.4% vs. 24%, p = 0.035), did not discontinue biologic therapy (15.1% vs. 0%, p = 0.039), underwent surgery without a SARS-CoV-2 test (19.7% vs. 0%, p = 0.0033), and required intensive care admission (10.6% vs. 0%, p = 0.032). Three patients (4.6%) had a SARS-CoV-2 infection postoperatively. Postoperative complications were associated with the use of steroids at surgery (Odds ratio [OR] = 4.10, 95% CI 1.14-15.3, p = 0.03), presence of comorbidities (OR = 3.33, 95% CI 1.08-11, p = 0.035), and Crohn's disease (vs. ulcerative colitis, OR = 3.82, 95% CI 1.14-15.4, p = 0.028). IBD patients can undergo surgery regardless of the COVID-19 status of the referral centre. The risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection should be taken into account.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/472075
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact