Background: Congenital nail matrix nevi (NMN) are difficult to diagnose because they feature clinical characteristics suggestive of adult subungual melanoma. Nail matrix biopsy is difficult to perform, especially in children. Objective: To describe the initial clinical and dermatoscopic features of NMN appearing at birth (congenital) or after birth but before the age of 5 years (congenital-type). Methods: We conducted a prospective, international, and consecutive data collection in 102 hospitals or private medical offices across 30 countries from 2009 to 2019. Results: There were 69 congenital and 161 congenital-type NMNs. Congenital and congenital-type NMN predominantly displayed an irregular pattern of longitudinal microlines (n = 146, 64%), reminiscent of subungual melanoma in adults. The distal fibrillar (“brush-like”) pattern, present in 63 patients (27.8%), was more frequently encountered in congenital NMN than in congenital-type NMN (P = .012). Moreover, congenital NMN more frequently displayed a periungual pigmentation (P = .029) and Hutchinson's sign (P = .027) than did congenital-type NMN. Limitations: Lack of systematic biopsy-proven diagnosis and heterogeneity of clinical and dermatoscopic photographs. Conclusion: Congenital and congenital-type NMN showed worrisome clinical and dermatoscopic features similar to those observed in adulthood subungual melanoma. The distal fibrillar (“brush-like”) pattern is a suggestive feature of congenital and congenital-type NMN.

Dermatoscopic and clinical features of congenital or congenital-type nail matrix nevi: A multicenter prospective cohort study by the International Dermoscopy Society

Argenziano G.;
2022

Abstract

Background: Congenital nail matrix nevi (NMN) are difficult to diagnose because they feature clinical characteristics suggestive of adult subungual melanoma. Nail matrix biopsy is difficult to perform, especially in children. Objective: To describe the initial clinical and dermatoscopic features of NMN appearing at birth (congenital) or after birth but before the age of 5 years (congenital-type). Methods: We conducted a prospective, international, and consecutive data collection in 102 hospitals or private medical offices across 30 countries from 2009 to 2019. Results: There were 69 congenital and 161 congenital-type NMNs. Congenital and congenital-type NMN predominantly displayed an irregular pattern of longitudinal microlines (n = 146, 64%), reminiscent of subungual melanoma in adults. The distal fibrillar (“brush-like”) pattern, present in 63 patients (27.8%), was more frequently encountered in congenital NMN than in congenital-type NMN (P = .012). Moreover, congenital NMN more frequently displayed a periungual pigmentation (P = .029) and Hutchinson's sign (P = .027) than did congenital-type NMN. Limitations: Lack of systematic biopsy-proven diagnosis and heterogeneity of clinical and dermatoscopic photographs. Conclusion: Congenital and congenital-type NMN showed worrisome clinical and dermatoscopic features similar to those observed in adulthood subungual melanoma. The distal fibrillar (“brush-like”) pattern is a suggestive feature of congenital and congenital-type NMN.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/469299
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