(1) Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology is often used for the pre-operative diagnosis of melanoma metastases. The diagnosis may not be confidently established based on morphology alone, and immunocytochemistry is mandatory. The choice of the most advantageous immunocyto-chemical antibodies is critical, as the sample may be scant, and the presence of pigmented histiocytes may be confounding. However, the diagnostic performance of melanocytic markers in this setting is poorly investigated. Moreover, PRAME (preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma) recently emerged as a novel marker for the diagnosis of melanoma. The current work aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of PRAME for the diagnosis of melanoma metastases in cytological samples, compared to other melanocytic markers. (2) Methods: PRAME, S100, Melan-A, HMB45 and SOX10 were tested on cell block sections of 48 cases of melanoma metastases diagnosed from cytological samples, and 20 cases of reactive lymphadenopathy. (3) Results: S100 and SOX10 showed the highest sensitivity (100%), while the sensitivity of PRAME was 85.4%. PRAME, Melan-A, SOX10 and HMB45 showed a specificity of 100%, while the specificity of S100 was lower (85%), as it marked some histiocytes. (4) Conclusion: PRAME immunocytochemistry is highly specific for the diagnosis of melanoma metastasis from a cytological sample, but is less sensitive compared with other melanocytic markers.

PRAME Immunocytochemistry for the Diagnosis of Melanoma Metastases in Cytological Samples

Ronchi A.;Zito Marino F.;Moscarella E.;Brancaccio G.;Argenziano G.;Troiani T.;Napolitano S.;Franco R.;
2022

Abstract

(1) Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology is often used for the pre-operative diagnosis of melanoma metastases. The diagnosis may not be confidently established based on morphology alone, and immunocytochemistry is mandatory. The choice of the most advantageous immunocyto-chemical antibodies is critical, as the sample may be scant, and the presence of pigmented histiocytes may be confounding. However, the diagnostic performance of melanocytic markers in this setting is poorly investigated. Moreover, PRAME (preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma) recently emerged as a novel marker for the diagnosis of melanoma. The current work aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of PRAME for the diagnosis of melanoma metastases in cytological samples, compared to other melanocytic markers. (2) Methods: PRAME, S100, Melan-A, HMB45 and SOX10 were tested on cell block sections of 48 cases of melanoma metastases diagnosed from cytological samples, and 20 cases of reactive lymphadenopathy. (3) Results: S100 and SOX10 showed the highest sensitivity (100%), while the sensitivity of PRAME was 85.4%. PRAME, Melan-A, SOX10 and HMB45 showed a specificity of 100%, while the specificity of S100 was lower (85%), as it marked some histiocytes. (4) Conclusion: PRAME immunocytochemistry is highly specific for the diagnosis of melanoma metastasis from a cytological sample, but is less sensitive compared with other melanocytic markers.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/467687
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact