: Dapagliflozin was associated with an increased risk of diabetic ketoacidosis that has led to the European withdrawal of the authorization for the type 1 diabetes. However, it is still used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the occurrence of dapagliflozin-induced ketoacidosis events by using the European spontaneous reporting system. The reporting odds ratios (ROR) were computed to assess the reporting frequency of ketoacidosis events for dapagliflozin compared to Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, insulins, or all other Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors. A total of 2406 cases with dapagliflozin reported at least one event of ketoacidosis. The three most reported events were: diabetic ketoacidosis (1412; 55.39%), ketoacidosis (476; 18.67%), and euglycaemic diabetic ketoacidosis (296; 11.61%). Dapagliflozin was associated with the higher reporting frequency of ketoacidosis events compared to DPP-4 inhibitors (ROR 12.07, 95%CI 11.67-13.81) or insulins (ROR 7.59, 95%CI 7.13-7.89). A lower reporting frequency was instead observed compared to other SGLT2 inhibitors (ROR 0.91, 95%CI 0.87-0.96). Considering the higher reporting frequency of ketoacidosis observed with dapagliflozin then DPP-4 inhibitors or insulins, attention should be given to patients treated with this drug.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.