Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation (PE) are common sexual disorders in people with diabetes. Glucose variability (GV) has been recognized as a predictor of microvascular complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between glucose variability and sexual dysfunctions in young men with type 1 diabetes. Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with type 1 diabetes, aged 18–30 years, were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to glucose variability [group 1 (high GV with coefficient of variation ≥ 36%)] and group 2 (low GV with coefficient of variation < 36%)). The presence of sexual dysfunctions was investigated with validated questionnaires. Results: ED and PE prevalence rates in group 1 were 26% and 13%, respectively. Similarly, in group 2, the prevalence of ED was 24%, and the prevalence of PE was 13%. In both groups, no significant associations between sexual dysfunctions and parameters of glucose variability were found. Multiple regression analysis identified age and depression as independent predictors of ED and PE. Conclusion: Young male patients affected by type 1 diabetes with high or low glucose variability show a similar prevalence of sexual dysfunctions. ED is the most common sexual dysfunction in diabetic men. Age and depression were the only independent predictive factors for sexual dysfunctions in this population.

Sexual dysfunctions and short-term glucose variability in young men with type 1 diabetes

Caruso P.;Cirillo P.;Carbone C.;Sarnataro A.;Maiorino M. I.;Bellastella G.;Esposito K.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation (PE) are common sexual disorders in people with diabetes. Glucose variability (GV) has been recognized as a predictor of microvascular complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between glucose variability and sexual dysfunctions in young men with type 1 diabetes. Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with type 1 diabetes, aged 18–30 years, were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups according to glucose variability [group 1 (high GV with coefficient of variation ≥ 36%)] and group 2 (low GV with coefficient of variation < 36%)). The presence of sexual dysfunctions was investigated with validated questionnaires. Results: ED and PE prevalence rates in group 1 were 26% and 13%, respectively. Similarly, in group 2, the prevalence of ED was 24%, and the prevalence of PE was 13%. In both groups, no significant associations between sexual dysfunctions and parameters of glucose variability were found. Multiple regression analysis identified age and depression as independent predictors of ED and PE. Conclusion: Young male patients affected by type 1 diabetes with high or low glucose variability show a similar prevalence of sexual dysfunctions. ED is the most common sexual dysfunction in diabetic men. Age and depression were the only independent predictive factors for sexual dysfunctions in this population.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/467166
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