The combination of rapid-acting plus long-acting insulins has been the cornerstone of therapy of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and has also become the gold standard of insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). A significant proportion of T2DM patients are overtreated, with potential harms of insulin therapy exceeding its benefits. Treatment simplification aims to decrease the complexity of insulin regimens, including, but not limited to fewer administration times and fewer blood glucose checks. Few small studies in T2DM patients with good glycemic control have shown that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) or sodium-glucose cotrasporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors can be a safe and effective alternative to bolus insulin, if basal insulin administration is continued. Two larger and controlled trials have thrown some light about simplification of complex insulin regimens in patients with T2DM and poor glycemic control. Although different in their design (randomized controlled trial versus pragmatic trial), their results provide evidence that it is possible to switch from a basal bolus insulin regimen to a combination of basal insulin plus either a GLP-1RA or a daily gliflozin pill, with same or better glycemic control, less injections, less insulin doses, less hypoglycemia and increased satisfaction of therapy. The dogma about the untouchability of basal bolus insulin regimen has been confuted.

Simplification of complex insulin therapy: a story of dogma and therapeutic resignation

Giugliano D.;Scappaticcio L.;Longo M.;Caruso P.;Maiorino M. I.;Bellastella G.;Esposito K.
2021

Abstract

The combination of rapid-acting plus long-acting insulins has been the cornerstone of therapy of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and has also become the gold standard of insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). A significant proportion of T2DM patients are overtreated, with potential harms of insulin therapy exceeding its benefits. Treatment simplification aims to decrease the complexity of insulin regimens, including, but not limited to fewer administration times and fewer blood glucose checks. Few small studies in T2DM patients with good glycemic control have shown that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) or sodium-glucose cotrasporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors can be a safe and effective alternative to bolus insulin, if basal insulin administration is continued. Two larger and controlled trials have thrown some light about simplification of complex insulin regimens in patients with T2DM and poor glycemic control. Although different in their design (randomized controlled trial versus pragmatic trial), their results provide evidence that it is possible to switch from a basal bolus insulin regimen to a combination of basal insulin plus either a GLP-1RA or a daily gliflozin pill, with same or better glycemic control, less injections, less insulin doses, less hypoglycemia and increased satisfaction of therapy. The dogma about the untouchability of basal bolus insulin regimen has been confuted.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/467161
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