In this paper, the problem of how to spatially sample the scattered field in microwave through-the wall imaging is addressed. To this end, a two-dimensional scalar configuration for a three-layered back-ground medium is considered under a linearized scattering model. The aim is to collect as low as possible measurements by maintaining the same performance in the reconstructions. Accordingly, the number and the positions of the spatial measurement points are determined so that the point-spread function of the resulting semi-discrete problem approximates well the one of the ideal continuous case (i.e., when data space is not sampled at all). It is shown that the resulting measurement spatial positions must be non-uniformly arranged across the measurement domain and their number is generally much lower than the one returned by some literature sampling criteria. Also, the measurement points can be analytically determined by taking into account the geometrical parameters as well as the wall features. Numerical examples are included to check the theoretical arguments.

Sensor Arrangement in Through-the Wall radar imaging

Maria Antonia Maisto
;
Mehdi Masoodi;Rocco Pierri;Raffaele Solimene
2022

Abstract

In this paper, the problem of how to spatially sample the scattered field in microwave through-the wall imaging is addressed. To this end, a two-dimensional scalar configuration for a three-layered back-ground medium is considered under a linearized scattering model. The aim is to collect as low as possible measurements by maintaining the same performance in the reconstructions. Accordingly, the number and the positions of the spatial measurement points are determined so that the point-spread function of the resulting semi-discrete problem approximates well the one of the ideal continuous case (i.e., when data space is not sampled at all). It is shown that the resulting measurement spatial positions must be non-uniformly arranged across the measurement domain and their number is generally much lower than the one returned by some literature sampling criteria. Also, the measurement points can be analytically determined by taking into account the geometrical parameters as well as the wall features. Numerical examples are included to check the theoretical arguments.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/467060
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