We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of renal length (RL) > 2 standard deviation scores (SDS) measured by renal ultrasound (RUS), across infancy, childhood and adolescence, in identifying which patients with congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) are at lower risk of developing kidney injury (KI). We also estimated the cost saving of integrating the current follow-up protocols with an early RUS algorithm (ERUSA). Fifty-six CSFK adult patients who were 1–3 months old at first observation of undergoing RUS were enrolled. KI was defined by hypertension and/or proteinuria and/or declined renal function. ERUSA was assessed by early (at 1–3 months of life) RUS and was retrospectively tested in our patients. ERUSA establishes that patients with RL > 2SDS at early RUS do not undergo further follow-ups. The others undergo another RUS at 1 year of age along with follow-ups according with current protocols, with the exception of RUS which could be no longer performed. Direct and indirect costs were calculated for each analysed protocol and the cost saving of applying ERUSA was calculated. None of the patients with early RL > 2SDS presented KI in adulthood. A RL > 2SDS was predictive of absence of KI only at 1–3 months (OR = infinity) and 1 year of age (OR = 0.13; 95%CI: 0.03–0.66; p = 0.01). ERUSA provided a total cost-sparing ranging from 38.6% to 55.3% among the analysed follow-up protocols. With ERUSA, no patients developing KI in adulthood were missed. In conclusion, only a RL > 2SDS at 1–3 months and 1 year of age predicted good prognosis in young adulthood. ERUSA can guide a cost-sparing follow-up strategy in CSFK patients while maintaining important long-term information.

Early Renal Ultrasound in Patients with Congenital Solitary Kidney Can Guide Follow-Up Strategy Reducing Costs While Keeping Long-Term Prognostic Information

Riccio S.;Capalbo D.;Reginelli A.;Cappabianca S.;Rambaldi P. F.;Giudice E. M.;Polito C.;Marzuillo P.
2022

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of renal length (RL) > 2 standard deviation scores (SDS) measured by renal ultrasound (RUS), across infancy, childhood and adolescence, in identifying which patients with congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) are at lower risk of developing kidney injury (KI). We also estimated the cost saving of integrating the current follow-up protocols with an early RUS algorithm (ERUSA). Fifty-six CSFK adult patients who were 1–3 months old at first observation of undergoing RUS were enrolled. KI was defined by hypertension and/or proteinuria and/or declined renal function. ERUSA was assessed by early (at 1–3 months of life) RUS and was retrospectively tested in our patients. ERUSA establishes that patients with RL > 2SDS at early RUS do not undergo further follow-ups. The others undergo another RUS at 1 year of age along with follow-ups according with current protocols, with the exception of RUS which could be no longer performed. Direct and indirect costs were calculated for each analysed protocol and the cost saving of applying ERUSA was calculated. None of the patients with early RL > 2SDS presented KI in adulthood. A RL > 2SDS was predictive of absence of KI only at 1–3 months (OR = infinity) and 1 year of age (OR = 0.13; 95%CI: 0.03–0.66; p = 0.01). ERUSA provided a total cost-sparing ranging from 38.6% to 55.3% among the analysed follow-up protocols. With ERUSA, no patients developing KI in adulthood were missed. In conclusion, only a RL > 2SDS at 1–3 months and 1 year of age predicted good prognosis in young adulthood. ERUSA can guide a cost-sparing follow-up strategy in CSFK patients while maintaining important long-term information.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/465678
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