Immune-checkpoint blockade by Nivolumab, a human monoclonal antibody to programmed cell death receptor-1, is an emerging treatment for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC). In order to prolong patient survival, this treatment requires a continuous cross-priming of tumor derived-antigens to supply fresh tumor-specific immune-effectors; a phenomenon that may also trigger auto-immune-related adverse events (irAEs). The present study therefore investigated the prognostic value of multiple autoimmunity-associated parameters in patients with mNSCLC who were undergoing Nivolumab treatment. This retrospective study included 92 mNSCLC patients who received salvage therapy with Nivolumab (3 mg/kg, biweekly) between September 2015 and June 2018. Log-rank test, Mantel-Cox and McPherson analyses were conducted to correlate patient progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with different parameters including blood cell counts, serum inflammatory markers and auto-antibodies (AAbs). A median PFS and OS of 10 [inter-quartile range (IQR): 5.8-14.2] and 16 [IQR: 6.2-25.8] months, respectively, were recorded, which did not correlated with age, histology or the number of previous chemotherapy lines. Male gender, the type of therapeutic regimens received prior to Nivolumab, and the occurrence of irAEs were revealed to be positive predictors of prolonged survival (P<0.05). Early detection (within 30 days) of >1AAbs among anti-nuclear antigens (ANAs), extractable nuclear antigens (ENAs) and anti-smooth cell antigens (ASMAs) correlated with prolonged PFS [hazard ratio (HR)=0.23; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.08-0.62; P=0.004] and OS [HR=0.28 (95% CI: 0.09-0.88), P=0.03], with the type of treatment received prior to nivolumab (P=0.007) and with the risk of irAEs (P=0.002). In conclusion, increased serum levels of ANA, ENA and/or ASMA are consequential to Nivolumab administration and are predictive of a positive outcome in mNSCLC patients.

Early blood rise in auto-antibodies to nuclear and smooth muscle antigens is predictive of prolonged survival and autoimmunity in metastatic-non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with PD-1 immune-check point blockade by nivolumab

Nardone V;
2019

Abstract

Immune-checkpoint blockade by Nivolumab, a human monoclonal antibody to programmed cell death receptor-1, is an emerging treatment for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC). In order to prolong patient survival, this treatment requires a continuous cross-priming of tumor derived-antigens to supply fresh tumor-specific immune-effectors; a phenomenon that may also trigger auto-immune-related adverse events (irAEs). The present study therefore investigated the prognostic value of multiple autoimmunity-associated parameters in patients with mNSCLC who were undergoing Nivolumab treatment. This retrospective study included 92 mNSCLC patients who received salvage therapy with Nivolumab (3 mg/kg, biweekly) between September 2015 and June 2018. Log-rank test, Mantel-Cox and McPherson analyses were conducted to correlate patient progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with different parameters including blood cell counts, serum inflammatory markers and auto-antibodies (AAbs). A median PFS and OS of 10 [inter-quartile range (IQR): 5.8-14.2] and 16 [IQR: 6.2-25.8] months, respectively, were recorded, which did not correlated with age, histology or the number of previous chemotherapy lines. Male gender, the type of therapeutic regimens received prior to Nivolumab, and the occurrence of irAEs were revealed to be positive predictors of prolonged survival (P<0.05). Early detection (within 30 days) of >1AAbs among anti-nuclear antigens (ANAs), extractable nuclear antigens (ENAs) and anti-smooth cell antigens (ASMAs) correlated with prolonged PFS [hazard ratio (HR)=0.23; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.08-0.62; P=0.004] and OS [HR=0.28 (95% CI: 0.09-0.88), P=0.03], with the type of treatment received prior to nivolumab (P=0.007) and with the risk of irAEs (P=0.002). In conclusion, increased serum levels of ANA, ENA and/or ASMA are consequential to Nivolumab administration and are predictive of a positive outcome in mNSCLC patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/462840
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