:Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most widespread malignancies among males worldwide. The androgen receptor (AR) plays a major role in prostate cancer development and progression and is the main target of PC therapy. Nonetheless, its action is not yet fully elucidated. We report here that the AR associates with Filamin A (FlnA) promoting migration and invasiveness of various PC-derived cells after androgen challenging. Inhibition of the AR/FlnA complex assembly by a very low concentration of Rh-2025u, an AR-derived peptide specifically interfering with this association, impairs such phenotype in monolayer cells and in 3D models. This study, together with our recent data in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), indicates that targeting the AR/FlnA complex could improve the clinical management of invasive PC, as the limited number of new drugs reaching the market suggests that we must re-examine the way invasive PC is currently treated. In this context, the synthesis of new biologically active molecules, such as the Rh-2025u peptide, which has been shown to efficiently interfere in the complex assembly in CAFs and PC cells, should overcome the limits of current available therapies, mostly based on hormone hormone antagonists.

A Small Peptide Targeting the Ligand-Induced Androgen Receptor/Filamin a Interaction Inhibits the Invasive Phenotype of Prostate Cancer Cells

Di Donato, Marzia
Investigation
;
Giovannelli, Pia
Investigation
;
Castoria, Gabriella
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Migliaccio, Antimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2021

Abstract

:Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most widespread malignancies among males worldwide. The androgen receptor (AR) plays a major role in prostate cancer development and progression and is the main target of PC therapy. Nonetheless, its action is not yet fully elucidated. We report here that the AR associates with Filamin A (FlnA) promoting migration and invasiveness of various PC-derived cells after androgen challenging. Inhibition of the AR/FlnA complex assembly by a very low concentration of Rh-2025u, an AR-derived peptide specifically interfering with this association, impairs such phenotype in monolayer cells and in 3D models. This study, together with our recent data in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), indicates that targeting the AR/FlnA complex could improve the clinical management of invasive PC, as the limited number of new drugs reaching the market suggests that we must re-examine the way invasive PC is currently treated. In this context, the synthesis of new biologically active molecules, such as the Rh-2025u peptide, which has been shown to efficiently interfere in the complex assembly in CAFs and PC cells, should overcome the limits of current available therapies, mostly based on hormone hormone antagonists.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11591/458706
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