Introduction: PNPLA3, TM6SF2, and MBOAT7 genes play a crucial role in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development and worsening. However, few data are available on their treatment response influence. The aim of this trial is to explore the effect derived from silybin-phospholipids complex (303 mg of silybin-phospholipids complex, 10 μg of vitamin D, and 15 mg of vitamin E twice a day for 6 months) oral administration in NAFLD patients carrying PNPLA3-rs738409, TM6SF2-rs58542926, or MBOAT7-rs641738 genetic variants. Materials and Methods: In all, 92 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients were grouped in 30 NAFLD wild type controls, 30 wild type treated patients, and 32 mutated treated ones. We assessed glycemia (FPG), insulinemia, HOMA-IR, aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT), C-reactive protein (CRP), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), stiffness, controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), dietary daily intake, and physical activity at baseline and end of treatment. Results: The wild-type treated group showed a significant improvement of FPG, insulinemia, HOMA-IR, ALT, CRP, and TBARS (p < 0.05), whereas no improvements were recorded in the other two study groups. NAFLD wild type treated patients showed higher possibilities of useful therapeutic outcome (p < 0.01), obtained from the prescribed therapeutic regimen, independently from age, sex, comorbidities, medications, CAP, and stiffness in comparison to the mutated group. Discussion: The assessed mutations are independently associated with no response to a silybin-based therapeutic regimen and could be considered as useful predictive markers in this context. Clinical Trial Registry Number: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT04640324.

PNPLA3, TM6SF2, and MBOAT7 Influence on Nutraceutical Therapy Response for Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Dallio M.;Tuccillo C.;Loguercio C.;Federico A.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: PNPLA3, TM6SF2, and MBOAT7 genes play a crucial role in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development and worsening. However, few data are available on their treatment response influence. The aim of this trial is to explore the effect derived from silybin-phospholipids complex (303 mg of silybin-phospholipids complex, 10 μg of vitamin D, and 15 mg of vitamin E twice a day for 6 months) oral administration in NAFLD patients carrying PNPLA3-rs738409, TM6SF2-rs58542926, or MBOAT7-rs641738 genetic variants. Materials and Methods: In all, 92 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients were grouped in 30 NAFLD wild type controls, 30 wild type treated patients, and 32 mutated treated ones. We assessed glycemia (FPG), insulinemia, HOMA-IR, aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT), C-reactive protein (CRP), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), stiffness, controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), dietary daily intake, and physical activity at baseline and end of treatment. Results: The wild-type treated group showed a significant improvement of FPG, insulinemia, HOMA-IR, ALT, CRP, and TBARS (p < 0.05), whereas no improvements were recorded in the other two study groups. NAFLD wild type treated patients showed higher possibilities of useful therapeutic outcome (p < 0.01), obtained from the prescribed therapeutic regimen, independently from age, sex, comorbidities, medications, CAP, and stiffness in comparison to the mutated group. Discussion: The assessed mutations are independently associated with no response to a silybin-based therapeutic regimen and could be considered as useful predictive markers in this context. Clinical Trial Registry Number: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT04640324.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/457742
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