Background: We hypothesized that children with congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) present forms of congenital urinary tract anomalies (CUTA) with higher chance of spontaneous resolution compared with patients with two kidneys. Methods: We retrospectively selected 75 consecutive children with CUTA of the CSFK and 75 matched patients with unilateral CUTA but without CSFK (controls) with prenatal suspicion of unilateral CUTA and early evaluation. We compared the spontaneous CUTA resolution and the prevalence of kidney injury between groups at last follow-up. Patients and controls were clustered under the categories of “severe” and “non-severe” CUTA. Results: The mean age at first and last follow-up was 0.17 ± 0.07 and 8.5 ± 5.2 years. Compared with controls, patients with CSFK had lower prevalence of severe CUTA at first evaluation; lower prevalence of febrile urinary tract infections, need of surgical correction, and higher rate of spontaneous CUTA resolution during follow-up; and a similar prevalence of mild kidney injury at last follow-up. CSFK compared with controls presented higher cumulative proportion of spontaneous resolution from severe CUTA (100 vs 41.8%; p < 0.001) and from the single CUTA sub-categories (severe vesicoureteral reflux, non-obstructive hydronephrosis, and megaureter). Conclusions: CSFK patients had lower prevalence of severe forms and better outcomes of their CUTA compared with controls. Impact: One-third of patients with congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) present congenital urinary tract anomalies (CUTA) and manifest poorer outcomes compared with CSFK without CUTA.CSFK patients had lower prevalence of severe forms and better outcomes of their CUTA in spite of similar prevalence of kidney injury compared with controls.This adds evidence about disturbed nephrogenesis in CSFK patients and emboldens conservative management of many of their non-obstructive CUTA.

Evolution of congenital anomalies of urinary tract in children with and without solitary kidney

Marzuillo P.;Rambaldi P. F.;Belfiore M. P.;Umano G. R.;Lauretta D.;Dinardo G.;Miraglia del Giudice E.;Polito C.
2021

Abstract

Background: We hypothesized that children with congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) present forms of congenital urinary tract anomalies (CUTA) with higher chance of spontaneous resolution compared with patients with two kidneys. Methods: We retrospectively selected 75 consecutive children with CUTA of the CSFK and 75 matched patients with unilateral CUTA but without CSFK (controls) with prenatal suspicion of unilateral CUTA and early evaluation. We compared the spontaneous CUTA resolution and the prevalence of kidney injury between groups at last follow-up. Patients and controls were clustered under the categories of “severe” and “non-severe” CUTA. Results: The mean age at first and last follow-up was 0.17 ± 0.07 and 8.5 ± 5.2 years. Compared with controls, patients with CSFK had lower prevalence of severe CUTA at first evaluation; lower prevalence of febrile urinary tract infections, need of surgical correction, and higher rate of spontaneous CUTA resolution during follow-up; and a similar prevalence of mild kidney injury at last follow-up. CSFK compared with controls presented higher cumulative proportion of spontaneous resolution from severe CUTA (100 vs 41.8%; p < 0.001) and from the single CUTA sub-categories (severe vesicoureteral reflux, non-obstructive hydronephrosis, and megaureter). Conclusions: CSFK patients had lower prevalence of severe forms and better outcomes of their CUTA compared with controls. Impact: One-third of patients with congenital solitary functioning kidney (CSFK) present congenital urinary tract anomalies (CUTA) and manifest poorer outcomes compared with CSFK without CUTA.CSFK patients had lower prevalence of severe forms and better outcomes of their CUTA in spite of similar prevalence of kidney injury compared with controls.This adds evidence about disturbed nephrogenesis in CSFK patients and emboldens conservative management of many of their non-obstructive CUTA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/457476
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