Inappropriate use of antibiotics in the community contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance (ABR), one of the most concerning issues in modern medicine. The objectives of the study were to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding ABR and dispensing antibiotics without prescription (DAwP) and to assess the extent of the practice of DAwP among Italian community pharmacists (CPs). A nationwide cross-sectional study using an anonymous, structured, validated, and pilot-tested questionnaire was conducted. The five sections gathered data on demographic and professional characteristics, knowledge and attitudes toward ABR and DAwP, practices regarding dispensing antibiotics with or without prescription and their reasons, counselling on the potential antibiotic side effects and the importance of adherence to medication regimen, and the information sources used to update the knowledge about ABR. About 4 in 10 CPs (37.1%) reported being involved in DAwP, although 93.7% knew that it is illegal in Italy. The vast majority affirmed to have always/often asked clients about their drug allergies (95.5%) and about their medication history (82.5%). Two-thirds (66.2%) warned their clients about the potential side effects of the drugs, and 55% informed them about the importance of completing the full course of antibiotics. Complacency with clients who found it difficult to consult the physician was the most significant predictor of DAwP. A considerable proportion of DAwP was described, so it could be easy for patients to misuse these drugs. Future policies need to enhance the enforcement of existing prescription-only regulations and to develop monitoring strategies to ensure their establishment in real-life practices.

Antibiotic-dispensing practice in community pharmacies: results of a cross-sectional study in Italy

Napolitano F.;Pavia M.
2021

Abstract

Inappropriate use of antibiotics in the community contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance (ABR), one of the most concerning issues in modern medicine. The objectives of the study were to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding ABR and dispensing antibiotics without prescription (DAwP) and to assess the extent of the practice of DAwP among Italian community pharmacists (CPs). A nationwide cross-sectional study using an anonymous, structured, validated, and pilot-tested questionnaire was conducted. The five sections gathered data on demographic and professional characteristics, knowledge and attitudes toward ABR and DAwP, practices regarding dispensing antibiotics with or without prescription and their reasons, counselling on the potential antibiotic side effects and the importance of adherence to medication regimen, and the information sources used to update the knowledge about ABR. About 4 in 10 CPs (37.1%) reported being involved in DAwP, although 93.7% knew that it is illegal in Italy. The vast majority affirmed to have always/often asked clients about their drug allergies (95.5%) and about their medication history (82.5%). Two-thirds (66.2%) warned their clients about the potential side effects of the drugs, and 55% informed them about the importance of completing the full course of antibiotics. Complacency with clients who found it difficult to consult the physician was the most significant predictor of DAwP. A considerable proportion of DAwP was described, so it could be easy for patients to misuse these drugs. Future policies need to enhance the enforcement of existing prescription-only regulations and to develop monitoring strategies to ensure their establishment in real-life practices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/454917
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