The anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab is a key drug for the treatment of HER2-positive gastric cancer (GC); however, its activity is often limited by the onset of resistance and mechanisms of resistance are still poorly understood. Several targeted agents showed synergistic activity by concomitant use with trastuzumab in vitro and are under clinical investigation. The aim of this study was to assess the antitumor activity of duligotuzumab, an anti HER3/EGFR antibody or ipatasertib, an AKT inhibitor, combined with trastuzumab in a panel of HER2-positive human gastric cancer cells (GCC), and the efficacy of such combinations in HER2-resistant cells. We have assessed the efficacy of duligotuzumab or ipatasertib and trastuzumab in combination, analyzing proliferation, migration and apoptosis and downstream intracellular signaling in vitro on human HER2-positive GCC (NCI-N87, OE33, OE19) and in negative HER2 GCC (MKN28). We observed a reduction of proliferation, migration and apoptotic rate in HER2-positive OE33, OE19 and N87 cell lines with the combination of duligotuzumab or ipatasertib plus trastuzumab. In particular, in OE33 and OE19 cell lines, the same combined treatment inhibited the activation of proteins downstream of HER2, HER3, AKT and MAPK pathways. Targeting both HER2 and HER3, or HER2 and AKT, results in an improved antitumor effect on HER2-positive GCC.

Enhanced antitumor effect of trastuzumab and duligotuzumab or ipatasertib combination in her-2 positive gastric cancer cells

Ciardiello F.;de Vita F.
2021

Abstract

The anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab is a key drug for the treatment of HER2-positive gastric cancer (GC); however, its activity is often limited by the onset of resistance and mechanisms of resistance are still poorly understood. Several targeted agents showed synergistic activity by concomitant use with trastuzumab in vitro and are under clinical investigation. The aim of this study was to assess the antitumor activity of duligotuzumab, an anti HER3/EGFR antibody or ipatasertib, an AKT inhibitor, combined with trastuzumab in a panel of HER2-positive human gastric cancer cells (GCC), and the efficacy of such combinations in HER2-resistant cells. We have assessed the efficacy of duligotuzumab or ipatasertib and trastuzumab in combination, analyzing proliferation, migration and apoptosis and downstream intracellular signaling in vitro on human HER2-positive GCC (NCI-N87, OE33, OE19) and in negative HER2 GCC (MKN28). We observed a reduction of proliferation, migration and apoptotic rate in HER2-positive OE33, OE19 and N87 cell lines with the combination of duligotuzumab or ipatasertib plus trastuzumab. In particular, in OE33 and OE19 cell lines, the same combined treatment inhibited the activation of proteins downstream of HER2, HER3, AKT and MAPK pathways. Targeting both HER2 and HER3, or HER2 and AKT, results in an improved antitumor effect on HER2-positive GCC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/452992
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