Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects lipid metabolism. We investigated the impact of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment on lipid metabolism in chronic hepatitis C (CHC), with a focus on the effects of anthropometric parameters and liver histology. We also analyzed the dynamics of metabolic indexes used to estimate cardiovascular risk.Methods: In 49 patients with CHC treated with DAAs, lipid metabolic changes, anthropometric parameters, liver histology and cardiovascular risk indexes, including triglyceride to HDL ratio (Tr/HDL), fatty liver index (FLI) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) were evaluated at baseline (BL), end of treatment (EOT) and 12 [sustained virological response (SVR) 12] and 24 (SVR24) weeks after EOT.Results: SVR occurred in 96% of cases. Total and LDL cholesterol and ApoB levels increased significantly between BL and EOT (P<0.001, <0.001 and 0.05, respectively) and remained stable thereafter. Total and LDL cholesterol significantly increased only in patients with higher BL waist circumference (P<0.01 and 0.009), fibrosis (P=0.002 and 0.005) and steatosis (P=0.043 and 0.033, respectively). HDL cholesterol significantly rose at SVR24. However, cardiovascular risk indexes (Tr/HDL ratio, FLI and VAI) did not significantly change during DAA treatment and follow up.Conclusions: Patients with HCV eradication after DAA treatment develop a pro-atherogenic lipid pattern, which varies according to anthropometric parameters and liver histology. However, no increase of cardiovascular risk indexes occurs in the short-term. Total and LDL cholesterol should be monitored long-term in CHC patients cured from infection.

Anthropometric parameters and liver histology influence lipid metabolic changes in HCV chronic hepatitis on direct-acting antiviral treatment

Zampino, Rosa;Durante-Mangoni, Emanuele
2021

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects lipid metabolism. We investigated the impact of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment on lipid metabolism in chronic hepatitis C (CHC), with a focus on the effects of anthropometric parameters and liver histology. We also analyzed the dynamics of metabolic indexes used to estimate cardiovascular risk.Methods: In 49 patients with CHC treated with DAAs, lipid metabolic changes, anthropometric parameters, liver histology and cardiovascular risk indexes, including triglyceride to HDL ratio (Tr/HDL), fatty liver index (FLI) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) were evaluated at baseline (BL), end of treatment (EOT) and 12 [sustained virological response (SVR) 12] and 24 (SVR24) weeks after EOT.Results: SVR occurred in 96% of cases. Total and LDL cholesterol and ApoB levels increased significantly between BL and EOT (P<0.001, <0.001 and 0.05, respectively) and remained stable thereafter. Total and LDL cholesterol significantly increased only in patients with higher BL waist circumference (P<0.01 and 0.009), fibrosis (P=0.002 and 0.005) and steatosis (P=0.043 and 0.033, respectively). HDL cholesterol significantly rose at SVR24. However, cardiovascular risk indexes (Tr/HDL ratio, FLI and VAI) did not significantly change during DAA treatment and follow up.Conclusions: Patients with HCV eradication after DAA treatment develop a pro-atherogenic lipid pattern, which varies according to anthropometric parameters and liver histology. However, no increase of cardiovascular risk indexes occurs in the short-term. Total and LDL cholesterol should be monitored long-term in CHC patients cured from infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/451111
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