PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe and critically discuss the most recent evidence regarding the percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) techniques. RECENT FINDINGS: Three-dimensional printing and virtual reality are promising tools to improve surgeon experience and operative performance. Totally ultrasound-guided PCNL is feasible and can reduce the radiological risk. Growing evidence highlights the safety and advantages of the use of miniaturized instrumentations, although some related limitations place the mini PCNL (mPCNL) in direct challenge with the retrograde intrarenal surgery. LithoClast Trilogy and ClearPetra system can improve the stone clearance. Thulium laser is a new source of energy with growing expectations and promising in-vitro results. SUMMARY: Significant advances have recently been recorded in PCNL techniques. Thulium fiber laser, LithoClast Trilogy, new suction devices, and the development of novel technologies for teaching and planning procedures may overcome mPCNL drawbacks. Further studies are needed to confirm the promising preliminary results available on the topic.
|Titolo:||Recent advances in percutaneous lithotripsy techniques|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|