HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning) systems for space heating, space cooling and ventilation of buildings consume nearly 40% of the world energy demand and present the least expensive opportunities for reducing the greenhouse gases emission. Fault Detection and Diagnosis (FDD) methods could monitor the operation of various processes and/or components allowing to detect and, if possible, even predict the presence of defects (deviations from normal or expected operation) as well as ideally identify (diagnose) the fault and/or its location, giving instructions for undertaking corrective actions. FDD techniques could be successfully used for managing the predictive maintenance and/or optimizing the energy/economic/environmental performance of HVAC units while assuring the comfort of occupants. This paper examines the current state of the art of the research on the development and implementation of FDD systems when applied to Air-Handling Units (AHUs), the main and most important device of HVAC systems. This paper describes the existing methodologies, approaches and tools for the utilization of FDD techniques, summarizes the most important findings available in current literature in reference to several case studies where FDD systems have been applied with reference to AHUs and indicates the main gaps to be further investigated.

A Review of Fault Detection and Diagnosis Methodologies for Air-Handling Units

Francesco Guarino;Luigi Maffei;Sergio Sibilio;Antonio Rosato
2019

Abstract

HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning) systems for space heating, space cooling and ventilation of buildings consume nearly 40% of the world energy demand and present the least expensive opportunities for reducing the greenhouse gases emission. Fault Detection and Diagnosis (FDD) methods could monitor the operation of various processes and/or components allowing to detect and, if possible, even predict the presence of defects (deviations from normal or expected operation) as well as ideally identify (diagnose) the fault and/or its location, giving instructions for undertaking corrective actions. FDD techniques could be successfully used for managing the predictive maintenance and/or optimizing the energy/economic/environmental performance of HVAC units while assuring the comfort of occupants. This paper examines the current state of the art of the research on the development and implementation of FDD systems when applied to Air-Handling Units (AHUs), the main and most important device of HVAC systems. This paper describes the existing methodologies, approaches and tools for the utilization of FDD techniques, summarizes the most important findings available in current literature in reference to several case studies where FDD systems have been applied with reference to AHUs and indicates the main gaps to be further investigated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/426860
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