A centralized solar hybrid heating system serving a small-scale district composed of 6 typical Italian residential buildings and 3 schools located in Naples (southern Italy) has been modelled, simulated and analysed by means of the dynamic software TRNSYS over a 5-year period. The plant is based on the operation of solar thermal collectors connected to a seasonal double U-pipe vertical Borehole Thermal Energy Storage (BTES) in order to address the seasonal misalignment between solar energy supply and thermal energy demand for heating purposes. In this paper a parametric analysis has been performed in order to investigate the performance of the district heating network upon varying the characteristics of the BTES in terms of: (i) thermal conductivity of soil, (ii) thermal conductivity of grout, (iii) U-pipe spacing, (iv) heat carrier fluid, (v) number of Borehole Heat Exchangers (BHEs), as well as (vi) type of BHEs connection (series, parallel or mixed). The primary energy consumption, the equivalent carbon dioxide emissions and the operating costs of the proposed district heating plant have been evaluated based on the simulation results upon varying the plant configurations and then compared with those associated to a conventional Italian decentralized heating system assumed as reference with the main aims of (i) assessing the potential reduction of primary energy consumption, global CO2 equivalent emissions and operating costs, (ii) exploring the influence of BTES characteristics on the overall system performance as well as (iii) establishing some simple rules for the initial design of BTES.

Impact of seasonal thermal energy storage design on the dynamic performance of a solar heating system serving a small-scale Italian district composed of residential and school buildings

Rosato A.
;
Ciervo A.;Ciampi G.;Scorpio M.;Sibilio S.
2019

Abstract

A centralized solar hybrid heating system serving a small-scale district composed of 6 typical Italian residential buildings and 3 schools located in Naples (southern Italy) has been modelled, simulated and analysed by means of the dynamic software TRNSYS over a 5-year period. The plant is based on the operation of solar thermal collectors connected to a seasonal double U-pipe vertical Borehole Thermal Energy Storage (BTES) in order to address the seasonal misalignment between solar energy supply and thermal energy demand for heating purposes. In this paper a parametric analysis has been performed in order to investigate the performance of the district heating network upon varying the characteristics of the BTES in terms of: (i) thermal conductivity of soil, (ii) thermal conductivity of grout, (iii) U-pipe spacing, (iv) heat carrier fluid, (v) number of Borehole Heat Exchangers (BHEs), as well as (vi) type of BHEs connection (series, parallel or mixed). The primary energy consumption, the equivalent carbon dioxide emissions and the operating costs of the proposed district heating plant have been evaluated based on the simulation results upon varying the plant configurations and then compared with those associated to a conventional Italian decentralized heating system assumed as reference with the main aims of (i) assessing the potential reduction of primary energy consumption, global CO2 equivalent emissions and operating costs, (ii) exploring the influence of BTES characteristics on the overall system performance as well as (iii) establishing some simple rules for the initial design of BTES.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/414697
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