Moderate exercise training may not be sufficient to exert beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system because of the long-term multifactorial etiology of diabetic complications. The addition of a proper pharmacological tool to the physical exercise should improve the outcomes of the diabetic damage. Here it is shown that 8 weeks exercise training of type 1 diabetic Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats resulted in a significantly increased heart rate, a 14% increase in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased plasma insulin levels and a 13% decrease in plasma glucose with respect to sedentary animals. The training also resulted in a 22% reduction in cardiac QT interval from a diabetic sedentary value of 185 ± 19 ms. Treatment of trained rats with the new antioxidant and NO-releasing aldose reductase 2 inhibitor 5(6)-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-ylmethoxy) benzofuroxane BF-5m, 20 mg/kg/day, added a further and significant (P < 0.01 vs. sedentary) increase of the LVEF up to 38% at 8 week time point. The long QT interval recorded in trained rats was reduced to further 12% by addition to the training of pharmacological treatment with 20 mg/kg/day BF-5m. At this time, the association of the two treatments improved the expression into the cardiac tissue of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase 2 (SERCA2) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), and reduced the fibrosis.

Addition of the aldose reductase inhibitor benzofuroxane derivative BF-5M to prolonged and moderate exercise training enhanced protection of the rat heart from type-1 diabetes

Donniacuo M;Sodano L;Ferraraccio F;Pieretti G;D'Amico M
;
Trotta MC;Rinaldi B.
2019

Abstract

Moderate exercise training may not be sufficient to exert beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system because of the long-term multifactorial etiology of diabetic complications. The addition of a proper pharmacological tool to the physical exercise should improve the outcomes of the diabetic damage. Here it is shown that 8 weeks exercise training of type 1 diabetic Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats resulted in a significantly increased heart rate, a 14% increase in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased plasma insulin levels and a 13% decrease in plasma glucose with respect to sedentary animals. The training also resulted in a 22% reduction in cardiac QT interval from a diabetic sedentary value of 185 ± 19 ms. Treatment of trained rats with the new antioxidant and NO-releasing aldose reductase 2 inhibitor 5(6)-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-ylmethoxy) benzofuroxane BF-5m, 20 mg/kg/day, added a further and significant (P < 0.01 vs. sedentary) increase of the LVEF up to 38% at 8 week time point. The long QT interval recorded in trained rats was reduced to further 12% by addition to the training of pharmacological treatment with 20 mg/kg/day BF-5m. At this time, the association of the two treatments improved the expression into the cardiac tissue of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase 2 (SERCA2) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), and reduced the fibrosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/410840
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