Infrared spectroscopy is an effective technique extensively used in research and industry for the label-free and unambiguous identification of molecular species. However, the sensitivity of this technique is severely limited as a result of Beer's law and, the small infrared absorption cross-section that make prohibitively weak the absorption signals, of minute amounts of analyte as those present in monolayers. This limitation can be overcome by enhancing the infrared vibration of molecules through the enhancement of the electromagnetic (EM) field. Surface Enhanced InfraRed Absorption (SEIRA) using resonant metal Nano-scale Antennas (NAs) can provide huge electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale featuring localized collective oscillations of electrons, an effect named Localized Surface Plasmonic Resonances (LSPRsWe here report on a series of 2D arrays of cross-shaped NAs having several mm 2 area coverage (metasurface) as SEIRA optimized antennas, which can be used in practical applications such as the vibrational sensing of chemical and biological analytes. Cross-shape designed NAs are insensitive to the polarization of the electromagnetic radiation impinging the active area. Due to the random orientation of the dipole moments of molecules they are particularly suitable for the construction of bio-molecular sensors. At the same time, the 2D-array configuration ensures a good near-field signal enhancement arising from the coupling between neighbour NAs Moreover, SEIRA NAs can be easily integrated with micrometre-sized channels and be suitable for the high sensitivity, real time analysis of IR emitting samples, in matrices where IR spectroscopy is severely limited due to absorption bands of liquid water. We present the design, fabrication and experimental characterization of large-area metasurfaces based on cross-shaped plasmonic NAs for the spectroscopic characterization of various types of compounds and for sensing applications in the mid-infrared range. The cross-shaped NAs we have designed exhibit SEIRA phenomena which are very sensitive to both refractive index changes in the surrounding medium and to the specific molecular vibration band emerging from surface adsorbed molecules. To test this effect on our device, we have used as model compounds small molecules (molecular weight (MW) < 500 g/mol) containing triple bond groups resonating at about 2100 cm −1 and a large polymer (MW ˜ 950,000 g/mol) containing carbonyl groups resonating at wavenumbers of about 1700 cm −1 . We show a sensitivity of 600 nm/RIU at different wavelengths at a maximum amount of immobilized small molecule of 0.7 fmoles and a SEIRA enhancement factor of 48,000. We also show the device potential to reveal chemical reactions, occurring on the sensor surface at the same scale, where the nitrile group is converted to a triazole ring.

Metasurface based on cross-shaped plasmonic nanoantennas as chemical sensor for surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy

Portaccio, Marianna;Lepore, Maria;
2019

Abstract

Infrared spectroscopy is an effective technique extensively used in research and industry for the label-free and unambiguous identification of molecular species. However, the sensitivity of this technique is severely limited as a result of Beer's law and, the small infrared absorption cross-section that make prohibitively weak the absorption signals, of minute amounts of analyte as those present in monolayers. This limitation can be overcome by enhancing the infrared vibration of molecules through the enhancement of the electromagnetic (EM) field. Surface Enhanced InfraRed Absorption (SEIRA) using resonant metal Nano-scale Antennas (NAs) can provide huge electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale featuring localized collective oscillations of electrons, an effect named Localized Surface Plasmonic Resonances (LSPRsWe here report on a series of 2D arrays of cross-shaped NAs having several mm 2 area coverage (metasurface) as SEIRA optimized antennas, which can be used in practical applications such as the vibrational sensing of chemical and biological analytes. Cross-shape designed NAs are insensitive to the polarization of the electromagnetic radiation impinging the active area. Due to the random orientation of the dipole moments of molecules they are particularly suitable for the construction of bio-molecular sensors. At the same time, the 2D-array configuration ensures a good near-field signal enhancement arising from the coupling between neighbour NAs Moreover, SEIRA NAs can be easily integrated with micrometre-sized channels and be suitable for the high sensitivity, real time analysis of IR emitting samples, in matrices where IR spectroscopy is severely limited due to absorption bands of liquid water. We present the design, fabrication and experimental characterization of large-area metasurfaces based on cross-shaped plasmonic NAs for the spectroscopic characterization of various types of compounds and for sensing applications in the mid-infrared range. The cross-shaped NAs we have designed exhibit SEIRA phenomena which are very sensitive to both refractive index changes in the surrounding medium and to the specific molecular vibration band emerging from surface adsorbed molecules. To test this effect on our device, we have used as model compounds small molecules (molecular weight (MW) < 500 g/mol) containing triple bond groups resonating at about 2100 cm −1 and a large polymer (MW ˜ 950,000 g/mol) containing carbonyl groups resonating at wavenumbers of about 1700 cm −1 . We show a sensitivity of 600 nm/RIU at different wavelengths at a maximum amount of immobilized small molecule of 0.7 fmoles and a SEIRA enhancement factor of 48,000. We also show the device potential to reveal chemical reactions, occurring on the sensor surface at the same scale, where the nitrile group is converted to a triazole ring.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/404421
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