Objective: The purpose of this research is to examine the presence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) in youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D) according to their parents' evaluations. The roles of demographic and diabetes-related variables were also analyzed. Methods: In 54 patients with T1D (aged 10.07–15.08) and in 54 age- and gender-matched healthy controls, DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure. BMI was calculated from height and weight. Glycemic control was assessed based on the most recent glycosylated hemoglobin value (HbA1c). The association of demographic and clinical factors with DEBs was evaluated through correlation and linear regression analyses. Results: DEBs were observed more frequently in participants with T1D (33.3%) than in controls (11%) (χ 2 = 6.501, p =.04). The clinical sample obtained a higher score than controls in PEBEQ total score (t(106) = 2.464, p =.01), as well as in the Exaggerated interest in food (t(106) = 2.723, p =.008) and Rejection/disinterest in food subscales (t(106) = 2.216, p =.01). No gender differences were observed. In participants with T1D, but not in controls, PEBEQ total score was positively correlated with age (r = 0.203, p =.04), HbA1c (r = 0.335, p =.01), and zBMI (r = 0.298, p =.002); HbA1c (standardized beta =0.284, p =.04) was found to uniquely predict the PEBEQ total score. Conclusion: Parents' evaluations may contribute to prompt detection of DEBs, which is crucial in developing appropriate strategies for timely intervention, especially during adolescence.

Parental assessment of disordered eating behaviors in their children with type 1 diabetes: A controlled study

Troncone A.
Conceptualization
;
Iafusco D.
Conceptualization
2019

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this research is to examine the presence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) in youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D) according to their parents' evaluations. The roles of demographic and diabetes-related variables were also analyzed. Methods: In 54 patients with T1D (aged 10.07–15.08) and in 54 age- and gender-matched healthy controls, DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure. BMI was calculated from height and weight. Glycemic control was assessed based on the most recent glycosylated hemoglobin value (HbA1c). The association of demographic and clinical factors with DEBs was evaluated through correlation and linear regression analyses. Results: DEBs were observed more frequently in participants with T1D (33.3%) than in controls (11%) (χ 2 = 6.501, p =.04). The clinical sample obtained a higher score than controls in PEBEQ total score (t(106) = 2.464, p =.01), as well as in the Exaggerated interest in food (t(106) = 2.723, p =.008) and Rejection/disinterest in food subscales (t(106) = 2.216, p =.01). No gender differences were observed. In participants with T1D, but not in controls, PEBEQ total score was positively correlated with age (r = 0.203, p =.04), HbA1c (r = 0.335, p =.01), and zBMI (r = 0.298, p =.002); HbA1c (standardized beta =0.284, p =.04) was found to uniquely predict the PEBEQ total score. Conclusion: Parents' evaluations may contribute to prompt detection of DEBs, which is crucial in developing appropriate strategies for timely intervention, especially during adolescence.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/403240
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