The present study initiates our investigation regarding the role of calb2a and calb2b genes that are expressed in the central nervous system, including the multiple tissues during early embryonic development of zebrafish. In this study, we have adopted individual and combined morpholino-mediated inactivation approach to investigate the functions of calb2a and calb2b in early development of the zebrafish. We have found that calb2a and calb2b morpholino alone failed to generate an obvious phenotype; however, morphological inspection in early developmental stages of calb2a and calb2b combined knockdown morphants show abnormal neural plate folding in midbrain-hindbrain region. In addition to this, combinatorial loss of these mRNA leads to severe hydrocephalus, axial curvature defect, and yolk sac edema in later developmental stages. Also, the combined knockdown of calb2a and calb2b are found to be associated with an impaired touchdown and swimming performance in the zebrafish. Co-injection of the calb2a and calb2b morpholino oligonucleotide cocktail with human CALB2 mRNA leads to the rescue of the strong phenotype. This study provided the first comprehensive analyses of the zebrafish Calb2a and Calb2b proteins; we have found that Calb2a and Calb2b are highly conserved across vertebrate species and originated from the same ancestral gene long back in the evolution. Homology modeling and docking with the similar structure and Ca 2+ binding sites for both proteins provide the evidence that both the proteins may have similar function and one can compensate for the loss of other. Collectively, these findings confirm the unique and essential functions of calb2a and calb2b genes in the early development of the zebrafish.

Knockdown of calcium-binding calb2a and calb2b genes indicates the key regulator of the early development of the zebrafish, Danio rerio

Pinelli, Claudia
2019

Abstract

The present study initiates our investigation regarding the role of calb2a and calb2b genes that are expressed in the central nervous system, including the multiple tissues during early embryonic development of zebrafish. In this study, we have adopted individual and combined morpholino-mediated inactivation approach to investigate the functions of calb2a and calb2b in early development of the zebrafish. We have found that calb2a and calb2b morpholino alone failed to generate an obvious phenotype; however, morphological inspection in early developmental stages of calb2a and calb2b combined knockdown morphants show abnormal neural plate folding in midbrain-hindbrain region. In addition to this, combinatorial loss of these mRNA leads to severe hydrocephalus, axial curvature defect, and yolk sac edema in later developmental stages. Also, the combined knockdown of calb2a and calb2b are found to be associated with an impaired touchdown and swimming performance in the zebrafish. Co-injection of the calb2a and calb2b morpholino oligonucleotide cocktail with human CALB2 mRNA leads to the rescue of the strong phenotype. This study provided the first comprehensive analyses of the zebrafish Calb2a and Calb2b proteins; we have found that Calb2a and Calb2b are highly conserved across vertebrate species and originated from the same ancestral gene long back in the evolution. Homology modeling and docking with the similar structure and Ca 2+ binding sites for both proteins provide the evidence that both the proteins may have similar function and one can compensate for the loss of other. Collectively, these findings confirm the unique and essential functions of calb2a and calb2b genes in the early development of the zebrafish.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/403097
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