Doxofylline is an effective bronchodilator for relieving airway obstruction in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and displays a better safety profile with respect to theophylline. Herein, we performed a pairwise meta-analysis of the currently available data to provide consistent and homogeneous findings on the impact of this xanthine in COPD patients. Results obtained from 820 patients were selected from 20 clinical trials. Meta-regression was performed to examine the source of heterogeneity between-studies and identify potential confounder covariates. The quality of the evidence was assessed by the GRADE system. Doxofylline induced a significant (P < 0.001) increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) of 8.20% (95%CI 4.00–12.41; I2 93%) and 317 ml (95%CI 19–439; I2 87%) compared with baseline. The total administered dose of doxofylline significantly (P < 0.001) interacted with the size of the effect estimates detected for FEV1. Doxofylline induced a significant (P < 0.001), although moderate, increase in adverse events (AEs) frequency (proportion 0.03, 95%CI 0.02–0.04; I2 88%), but only epigastralgia, nausea, dyspepsia and headache were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The GRADE analysis indicated high quality of evidence (++++) for the impact of doxofylline on FEV1, and moderate quality of evidence (+++) for the safety profile in COPD patients. Doxofylline is an effective and safe medicine when administered to patients with COPD and can be considered as an alternative to theophylline.

Impact of doxofylline in COPD: A pairwise meta-analysis

Matera, Maria Gabriella
2018

Abstract

Doxofylline is an effective bronchodilator for relieving airway obstruction in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and displays a better safety profile with respect to theophylline. Herein, we performed a pairwise meta-analysis of the currently available data to provide consistent and homogeneous findings on the impact of this xanthine in COPD patients. Results obtained from 820 patients were selected from 20 clinical trials. Meta-regression was performed to examine the source of heterogeneity between-studies and identify potential confounder covariates. The quality of the evidence was assessed by the GRADE system. Doxofylline induced a significant (P < 0.001) increase in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) of 8.20% (95%CI 4.00–12.41; I2 93%) and 317 ml (95%CI 19–439; I2 87%) compared with baseline. The total administered dose of doxofylline significantly (P < 0.001) interacted with the size of the effect estimates detected for FEV1. Doxofylline induced a significant (P < 0.001), although moderate, increase in adverse events (AEs) frequency (proportion 0.03, 95%CI 0.02–0.04; I2 88%), but only epigastralgia, nausea, dyspepsia and headache were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The GRADE analysis indicated high quality of evidence (++++) for the impact of doxofylline on FEV1, and moderate quality of evidence (+++) for the safety profile in COPD patients. Doxofylline is an effective and safe medicine when administered to patients with COPD and can be considered as an alternative to theophylline.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/402721
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact