We show by numerical simulations that the presence of nonlinear velocity-dependent friction forces can induce a finite net drift in the stochastic motion of a particle in contact with an equilibrium thermal bath and in an asymmetric periodic spatial potential. In particular, we study the Kramers equation for a particle subjected to Coulomb friction, namely a constant force acting in the direction opposite to the particle's velocity. We characterize the nonequilibrium irreversible dynamics by studying the generalized fluctuation-dissipation relation for this ratchet model driven by Coulomb friction. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Time asymmetry of the Kramers equation with nonlinear friction: Fluctuation-dissipation relation and ratchet effect

Sarracino, A.
2013

Abstract

We show by numerical simulations that the presence of nonlinear velocity-dependent friction forces can induce a finite net drift in the stochastic motion of a particle in contact with an equilibrium thermal bath and in an asymmetric periodic spatial potential. In particular, we study the Kramers equation for a particle subjected to Coulomb friction, namely a constant force acting in the direction opposite to the particle's velocity. We characterize the nonequilibrium irreversible dynamics by studying the generalized fluctuation-dissipation relation for this ratchet model driven by Coulomb friction. © 2013 American Physical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/398928
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