Absolute measurements of water vapor densities have been carried out using a new concept of frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy. Our scheme is based on the use of a pair of phase-locked extended cavity diode lasers, emitting at 1.39 $\mu$m, one of them being locked to a self-referenced optical frequency comb synthesizer. An intrinsically stable high-finesse optical cavity that tracks the laser frequency scans has been used. High quality, comb-calibrated, absorption spectra have been recorded in a certified H$_2$O/N$_2$ gas mixture at different gas pressures, in coincidence with the 2$_{1,2}→$1$1,1$transitionoftheH$2^{18}$O $\nu_1$+$\nu_3$ band. Water vapor mole fractions have been determined with a statistical uncertainty of 0.6 \%. Systematic deviations have been identified and carefully quantified, thus leading to an overall uncertainty of 0.8 \%.

Dual-laser frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy for water vapor density measurements

Fasci, Eugenio;Moretti, Luigi;Castrillo, Antonio
;
Gianfrani, Livio
2018

Abstract

Absolute measurements of water vapor densities have been carried out using a new concept of frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy. Our scheme is based on the use of a pair of phase-locked extended cavity diode lasers, emitting at 1.39 $\mu$m, one of them being locked to a self-referenced optical frequency comb synthesizer. An intrinsically stable high-finesse optical cavity that tracks the laser frequency scans has been used. High quality, comb-calibrated, absorption spectra have been recorded in a certified H$_2$O/N$_2$ gas mixture at different gas pressures, in coincidence with the 2$_{1,2}→$1$1,1$transitionoftheH$2^{18}$O $\nu_1$+$\nu_3$ band. Water vapor mole fractions have been determined with a statistical uncertainty of 0.6 \%. Systematic deviations have been identified and carefully quantified, thus leading to an overall uncertainty of 0.8 \%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/393428
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