Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolonged QT interval, leading to sudden cardiac death. Hyperglycemia is an important risk factor for LQTS, inhibiting the cardiac rapid component delayed rectifier K+ current (Iks), responsible for QT interval. We previously showed that the new ALR2 inhibitor BF-5m supplies cardioprotection from QT prolongation induced by high glucose concentration in the medium, reducing QT interval prolongation and preserving morphology. Here we investigated the effects of BF-5m on cell cytotoxicity and viability in H9c2 cells, and on cellular potassium ion channels expression. H9c2 cells were grown in medium with high glucose and high glucose plus the BF-5m by assessing the cytotoxic effects and the cell survival rate. In addition, KCNE1 and KCNQ1 expression in plasma and mitochondrial membranes were monitored. Also, the expression levels of miR-1 proved to suppress KCNQ1 and KCNE1, were analyzed. BF-5m treatment reduced the cytotoxic effects of high glucose on H9c2 cells by increasing cell survival rate and improving H9c2 morphology. Plasmatic KCNE1 and KCNQ1 expression levels were restored by BF-5m in H9c2 exposed to high glucose, down-regulating miR-1. These results suggest that BF-5m exerts cardioprotection from high glucose in rat heart ventricle H9c2 cells exposed to high glucose.

Inhibition of aldose-reductase-2 by a benzofuroxane derivative bf-5m increases the expression of kcne1, kcnq1 in high glucose cultured H9c2 cardiac cells and sudden cardiac death

Maria Consiglia Trotta;Antonietta Messina;Michele D’Amico;Clara Di Filippo
2017

Abstract

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolonged QT interval, leading to sudden cardiac death. Hyperglycemia is an important risk factor for LQTS, inhibiting the cardiac rapid component delayed rectifier K+ current (Iks), responsible for QT interval. We previously showed that the new ALR2 inhibitor BF-5m supplies cardioprotection from QT prolongation induced by high glucose concentration in the medium, reducing QT interval prolongation and preserving morphology. Here we investigated the effects of BF-5m on cell cytotoxicity and viability in H9c2 cells, and on cellular potassium ion channels expression. H9c2 cells were grown in medium with high glucose and high glucose plus the BF-5m by assessing the cytotoxic effects and the cell survival rate. In addition, KCNE1 and KCNQ1 expression in plasma and mitochondrial membranes were monitored. Also, the expression levels of miR-1 proved to suppress KCNQ1 and KCNE1, were analyzed. BF-5m treatment reduced the cytotoxic effects of high glucose on H9c2 cells by increasing cell survival rate and improving H9c2 morphology. Plasmatic KCNE1 and KCNQ1 expression levels were restored by BF-5m in H9c2 exposed to high glucose, down-regulating miR-1. These results suggest that BF-5m exerts cardioprotection from high glucose in rat heart ventricle H9c2 cells exposed to high glucose.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/388149
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