BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The emerging association of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) with imprinting disorders represents a major issue in the scientific debate on infertility treatment and human procreation. We studied the prevalence of Beckwith Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) in children conceived through ART to define the specific associated relative risk.METHODS: Patients with BWS horn in Piemonte, Italy, were identified and matched with the general demographic data and corresponding regional ART registry.RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2014, live births in Piemonte were 379 872, including 7884 from ART. Thirty-eight patients with BWS were born, 7 from ART and 31 naturally conceived. BWS birth prevalence in the ART group was significantly higher than that of the naturally conceived group (1:1126 vs 1:12 254, P <.001). The absolute live birth risk in the ART group was 887.9 per 1 000 000 vs 83.3 per 1 000 000 in the naturally conceived group, providing a relative risk of 10.7 (95% confidence interval 4.7-24.2). During the 1997-2014 period, 67 patients were diagnosed with BWS out of 663 834 newborns (1:9908 live births). Nine out of the 67 BWS patients were conceived through ART (13.4%), and 8 were molecularly tested, with 4 having an imprinting center 2 loss of methylation, 2 with 11p1.5.5 paternal uniparental disomy, and 2 negative results.CONCLUSIONS: ART entails a 10-fold increased risk of BWS and could be implicated in the pathogenesis of genomic events besides methylation anomalies. These data highlight the need for awareness of ART associated health risk.

Assisted Reproductive Techniques and Risk of Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome

Cerrato, Flavia;Riccio, Andrea;
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The emerging association of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) with imprinting disorders represents a major issue in the scientific debate on infertility treatment and human procreation. We studied the prevalence of Beckwith Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) in children conceived through ART to define the specific associated relative risk.METHODS: Patients with BWS horn in Piemonte, Italy, were identified and matched with the general demographic data and corresponding regional ART registry.RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2014, live births in Piemonte were 379 872, including 7884 from ART. Thirty-eight patients with BWS were born, 7 from ART and 31 naturally conceived. BWS birth prevalence in the ART group was significantly higher than that of the naturally conceived group (1:1126 vs 1:12 254, P <.001). The absolute live birth risk in the ART group was 887.9 per 1 000 000 vs 83.3 per 1 000 000 in the naturally conceived group, providing a relative risk of 10.7 (95% confidence interval 4.7-24.2). During the 1997-2014 period, 67 patients were diagnosed with BWS out of 663 834 newborns (1:9908 live births). Nine out of the 67 BWS patients were conceived through ART (13.4%), and 8 were molecularly tested, with 4 having an imprinting center 2 loss of methylation, 2 with 11p1.5.5 paternal uniparental disomy, and 2 negative results.CONCLUSIONS: ART entails a 10-fold increased risk of BWS and could be implicated in the pathogenesis of genomic events besides methylation anomalies. These data highlight the need for awareness of ART associated health risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/385163
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