The cytidine analog 5-AZA-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AZA-CdR) has been demonstrated to induce cellular differentiation; on the other hand, induction of differentiation has been suggested as a possible form of therapy for leukemic cells. We have evaluated the possibility that the neuroblastoma malignant tumor growth could be controlled by treatment that promotes the differentiation of immature tumor cells. We have previously reported on differentiation of murine neuroblastoma cells (41A3) treated with 5-AZA-CdR. In this paper, we describe the effect of 5-AZA-CdR on human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100. The drug-treated cells show some degree of differentiation, demonstrated by morphological and biochemical markers. A significant DNA hypomethylation and partial inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell proliferation is also observed. This effect is more stable than that caused by another cytidine analog, Cytosine-beta-D-Arabinofuranoside (ARA-C).

The cytidine analog 5-AZA-2′-deoxycytidine (5-AZA-CdR) has been demonstrated to induce cellular differentiation; on the other hand, induction of differentiation has been suggested as a possible form of therapy for leukemic cells. We have evaluated the possibility that the neuroblastoma malignant tumor growth could be controlled by treatment that promotes the differentiation of immature tumor cells. We have previously reported on differentiation of murine neuroblastoma cells (41A3) treated with 5-AZA-CdR. In this paper, we describe the effect of 5-AZA-CdR on human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100. The drug-treated cells show some degree of differentiation, demonstrated by morphological and biochemical markers. A significant DNA hypomethylation and partial inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell proliferation is also observed. This effect is more stable than that caused by another cytidine analog, Cytosine-β-D-Arabinofuranoside (ARA-C). We also tested oncogene expression in CHP-100 cells, and 5-AZA-CdR does not affect the myc and fos levels under the reported experimental conditions. © 1989 Humana Press Inc.

Effect of cytidine analogs on cell growth and differentiation on a human neuroblastoma line

Colucci, G. L;Rossi, M.
1989

Abstract

The cytidine analog 5-AZA-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AZA-CdR) has been demonstrated to induce cellular differentiation; on the other hand, induction of differentiation has been suggested as a possible form of therapy for leukemic cells. We have evaluated the possibility that the neuroblastoma malignant tumor growth could be controlled by treatment that promotes the differentiation of immature tumor cells. We have previously reported on differentiation of murine neuroblastoma cells (41A3) treated with 5-AZA-CdR. In this paper, we describe the effect of 5-AZA-CdR on human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100. The drug-treated cells show some degree of differentiation, demonstrated by morphological and biochemical markers. A significant DNA hypomethylation and partial inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell proliferation is also observed. This effect is more stable than that caused by another cytidine analog, Cytosine-beta-D-Arabinofuranoside (ARA-C).
The cytidine analog 5-AZA-2′-deoxycytidine (5-AZA-CdR) has been demonstrated to induce cellular differentiation; on the other hand, induction of differentiation has been suggested as a possible form of therapy for leukemic cells. We have evaluated the possibility that the neuroblastoma malignant tumor growth could be controlled by treatment that promotes the differentiation of immature tumor cells. We have previously reported on differentiation of murine neuroblastoma cells (41A3) treated with 5-AZA-CdR. In this paper, we describe the effect of 5-AZA-CdR on human neuroblastoma cell line CHP-100. The drug-treated cells show some degree of differentiation, demonstrated by morphological and biochemical markers. A significant DNA hypomethylation and partial inhibition of DNA synthesis and cell proliferation is also observed. This effect is more stable than that caused by another cytidine analog, Cytosine-β-D-Arabinofuranoside (ARA-C). We also tested oncogene expression in CHP-100 cells, and 5-AZA-CdR does not affect the myc and fos levels under the reported experimental conditions. © 1989 Humana Press Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/384742
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