Aortitis encompasses all conditions, infectious or non-infectious, leading to different types of inflammation of the aortic wall. The clinical manifestations are usually nonspecific, as are laboratory findings, and sometimes may mimic other diseases. Imaging modalities can help in the assessment of these patients and are often required for making the final diagnosis. It is extremely important to establish an early diagnosis in order to treat timely potentially life-threatening conditions. Anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, sometimes in combination with surgical or endovascular therapies, are proposed according to etiology and disease severity. This review focuses on the classification, epidemiology, diagnostic approach, and management of aortitis with which physicians should be familiar.
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