Nociceptors are receptors specifically involved in detecting a tissue damage and transducing it in an electrical signal. Nociceptor activation provoked by any kind of acute lesion is related to the release of several mediators of inflammation, within the framework of a process defined as “peripheral sensitization.” This results in an exaggerated response to the painful stimulus, clinically defined as “primary hyperalgesia.” The concept of “neuroplasticity” may explain the adaptive mechanisms carried out by the Nervous System in relation to a “harmful” damage; also, neuroplasticity mechanisms are also fundamental for rehabilitative intervention protocols. Here we review several studies that addressed the role of different receptors and ionic channels disco0vered on nociceptor surface and their role in pain perception. The changes in expression, distribution, and functioning of receptors and ionic channels are thought to be a part of the neuroplasticity property, through which the Nervous System constantly adapts to external stimuli. Moreover, some of the reviewed mediators are also been associated to “central sensitization,” a process that results in pain chronicization when the painful stimulation is particularly prolonged or intense, and lastly leads to the memorization of the uncomfortable painful perception.

Nociceptor plasticity: A closer look

PACE, Maria Caterina;PASSAVANTI, Maria Beatrice;SANSONE, Pasquale;Pota, Vincenzo;BARBARISI, Manlio;PALAGIANO, Antonio;AURILIO, Caterina
2018

Abstract

Nociceptors are receptors specifically involved in detecting a tissue damage and transducing it in an electrical signal. Nociceptor activation provoked by any kind of acute lesion is related to the release of several mediators of inflammation, within the framework of a process defined as “peripheral sensitization.” This results in an exaggerated response to the painful stimulus, clinically defined as “primary hyperalgesia.” The concept of “neuroplasticity” may explain the adaptive mechanisms carried out by the Nervous System in relation to a “harmful” damage; also, neuroplasticity mechanisms are also fundamental for rehabilitative intervention protocols. Here we review several studies that addressed the role of different receptors and ionic channels disco0vered on nociceptor surface and their role in pain perception. The changes in expression, distribution, and functioning of receptors and ionic channels are thought to be a part of the neuroplasticity property, through which the Nervous System constantly adapts to external stimuli. Moreover, some of the reviewed mediators are also been associated to “central sensitization,” a process that results in pain chronicization when the painful stimulation is particularly prolonged or intense, and lastly leads to the memorization of the uncomfortable painful perception.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/375239
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