Naturally derived compounds represent a potential source of pharmacologically active drugs able to contrast different diseases, including gastric cancer, a multifactorial disease, in which the important role played by H. pylori infection has been demonstrated. Carexanes, stilbene derivatives, isolated from plants of the Carex distachya Desf., are unusual secondary metabolites with a tetracyclic skeleton arising from a cyclization of prenylstilbenoid precursors. In this study we firstly showed the ability of three purified carexanes CxB, CxG, and CxI to enhance the antioxidant response of AGS cells and to contrast the effect of the H. pylori's protein HspB. Among them CxI was the molecule that best modified the expression of genes involved in the antioxidant response. In particular, CxI was able to reduce Keap-1 gene expression and induce NQO1 gene expression, both at 4 and 24 h in AGS cells, as showed by real time PCR. Nrf2 induction was evident only at 24 h. Interestingly, the effect of CxI was stronger in HspB-transfected AGS cells, where Keap-1 gene expression was nearly abrogated. Finally, we demonstrated that CxI was able to reduce also COX-2 gene expression in HspB-transfected AGS cells, compared with untreated HspB-transfected cells, both at 4 and 24 h. This study first report that carexanes might represent candidate molecules able to contrast the deleterious effect of HspB protein but also to reduce the inflammatory process induced by H. pylori infection.

Naturally derived compounds represent a potential source of pharmacologically active drugs able to contrast different diseases, including gastric cancer, a multifactorial disease, in which the important role played by H. pylori infection has been demonstrated. Carexanes, stilbene derivatives, isolated from plants of the Carex distachya Desf., are unusual secondary metabolites with a tetracyclic skeleton arising from a cyclization of prenylstilbenoid precursors. In this study we firstly showed the ability of three purified carexanes CxB, CxG, and CxI to enhance the antioxidant response of AGS cells and to contrast the effect of the H. pylori's protein HspB. Among them CxI was the molecule that best modified the expression of genes involved in the antioxidant response. In particular, CxI was able to reduce Keap-1 gene expression and induce NQO1 gene expression, both at 4 and 24 h in AGS cells, as showed by real time PCR. Nrf2 induction was evident only at 24 h. Interestingly, the effect of CxI was stronger in HspB-transfected AGS cells, where Keap-1 gene expression was nearly abrogated. Finally, we demonstrated that CxI was able to reduce also COX-2 gene expression in HspB-transfected AGS cells, compared with untreated HspB-transfected cells, both at 4 and 24 h. This study first report that carexanes might represent candidate molecules able to contrast the deleterious effect of HspB protein but also to reduce the inflammatory process induced by H. pylori infection.

Evaluation of the antioxidant properties of carexanes in AGS cells transfected with the Helicobacter pylori's protein HspB

D'ABROSCA, Brigida;DONNARUMMA, Giovanna;Scognamiglio, Monica;FIORENTINO, Antonio;DE LUCA, Antonio
2017

Abstract

Naturally derived compounds represent a potential source of pharmacologically active drugs able to contrast different diseases, including gastric cancer, a multifactorial disease, in which the important role played by H. pylori infection has been demonstrated. Carexanes, stilbene derivatives, isolated from plants of the Carex distachya Desf., are unusual secondary metabolites with a tetracyclic skeleton arising from a cyclization of prenylstilbenoid precursors. In this study we firstly showed the ability of three purified carexanes CxB, CxG, and CxI to enhance the antioxidant response of AGS cells and to contrast the effect of the H. pylori's protein HspB. Among them CxI was the molecule that best modified the expression of genes involved in the antioxidant response. In particular, CxI was able to reduce Keap-1 gene expression and induce NQO1 gene expression, both at 4 and 24 h in AGS cells, as showed by real time PCR. Nrf2 induction was evident only at 24 h. Interestingly, the effect of CxI was stronger in HspB-transfected AGS cells, where Keap-1 gene expression was nearly abrogated. Finally, we demonstrated that CxI was able to reduce also COX-2 gene expression in HspB-transfected AGS cells, compared with untreated HspB-transfected cells, both at 4 and 24 h. This study first report that carexanes might represent candidate molecules able to contrast the deleterious effect of HspB protein but also to reduce the inflammatory process induced by H. pylori infection.
Naturally derived compounds represent a potential source of pharmacologically active drugs able to contrast different diseases, including gastric cancer, a multifactorial disease, in which the important role played by H. pylori infection has been demonstrated. Carexanes, stilbene derivatives, isolated from plants of the Carex distachya Desf., are unusual secondary metabolites with a tetracyclic skeleton arising from a cyclization of prenylstilbenoid precursors. In this study we firstly showed the ability of three purified carexanes CxB, CxG, and CxI to enhance the antioxidant response of AGS cells and to contrast the effect of the H. pylori's protein HspB. Among them CxI was the molecule that best modified the expression of genes involved in the antioxidant response. In particular, CxI was able to reduce Keap-1 gene expression and induce NQO1 gene expression, both at 4 and 24 h in AGS cells, as showed by real time PCR. Nrf2 induction was evident only at 24 h. Interestingly, the effect of CxI was stronger in HspB-transfected AGS cells, where Keap-1 gene expression was nearly abrogated. Finally, we demonstrated that CxI was able to reduce also COX-2 gene expression in HspB-transfected AGS cells, compared with untreated HspB-transfected cells, both at 4 and 24 h. This study first report that carexanes might represent candidate molecules able to contrast the deleterious effect of HspB protein but also to reduce the inflammatory process induced by H. pylori infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11591/373304
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